Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=744707
 


 



Freedom and Choice in Constitutional Law


John Garvey


Boston College - Law School


Harvard Law Review, pp. 1756-1794, 1981

Abstract:     
The constitutional rights of children, the mentally ill, and other legally incompetent persons have been the subject of much litigation in the past twenty years. In this Article, Professor Garvey develops a general theory to explain the different ways in which persons of diminished capacity can be said to enjoy constitutional protections. He first notes that, of the various constitutional provisions, only one kind - freedoms, which protect the right to make choices - pose serious difficulties when applied to persons of diminished capacity. He then proposes a hierarchy of ways in which we can attribute freedoms to such persons: the laissez-faire notion that all persons (including incompetents) are to be treated identically, the instrumental idea that granting freedoms to incompetents achieves extrinsic goals such as training, and the surrogate notion that persons who cannot make choices for themselves should be able to have those closest to them choose on their behalf. Professor Garvey concludes that, when these options fail and the state takes an incompetent person under its control, the state owes to the incompetent the full package of duties owed by other guardians to those under their control, including treatment in the case of the mentally ill or education in the case of children.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 40

Keywords: legal imcompetence, constitutional protection, diminished capacity, mental illness, state guardianship

Accepted Paper Series


Download This Paper

Date posted: June 16, 2005  

Suggested Citation

Garvey, John, Freedom and Choice in Constitutional Law. Harvard Law Review, pp. 1756-1794, 1981. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=744707

Contact Information

John Garvey (Contact Author)
Boston College - Law School ( email )
885 Centre Street
Newton, MA 02459-1163
United States
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 1,352
Downloads: 91
Download Rank: 167,045

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo1 in 0.359 seconds