Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=761624
 
 

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Brain Drain in Developing Regions (1990-2000)


Frédéric Docquier


Catholic University of Louvain (UCL); CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Olivier Lohest


Regional Government of Wallonia, Belgium - Institut wallon de l'Evaluation, de la Prospective et de la Statistique (IWEPS)

Abdeslam Marfouk


Free University of Brussels (VUB)

July 2005

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1668

Abstract:     
In this paper, we analyze the distribution of the brain drain in the LAC region (Latin America and the Caribbean), Asia and Africa. We rely on an original data set on international migration by educational attainment for 1990 and 2000. Our analysis reveals that the brain drain is strong in Eastern, Middle and Western Africa, Central America and the Caribbean. However, the Kernel approach suggests that the dispersion and the intradistribution dynamics of skilled migration rates strongly differ across regions. We then tautologically disentangle the brain drain into two multiplicative components, the global migration rate and the selection bias. Among the most affected countries, LAC countries suffer from high migration rates whilst most African countries suffer from high selection biases. Finally, exploratory Moran's tests reveal strong spatial, political and cultural autocorrelations in migration rates and selection biases. The latter result suggests that skilled workers react differently than unskilled workers to a large set of variables.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 44

Keywords: international migration, brain drain, human capital, spatial autocorrelation

JEL Classification: F22, O15, J11, J24

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Date posted: July 21, 2005  

Suggested Citation

Docquier, Frédéric and Lohest, Olivier and Marfouk, Abdeslam, Brain Drain in Developing Regions (1990-2000) (July 2005). IZA Discussion Paper No. 1668. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=761624

Contact Information

Frederic Docquier (Contact Author)
Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) ( email )
Place Montesquieu 3
Louvain-la-Neuve, 1348
Belgium
CREAM, Centre for Research on Environmental Appraisal & Management, UK
University of Newcastle
NE1 7RU Newcastle Upon Tyne
United States
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Olivier Lohest
Regional Government of Wallonia, Belgium - Institut wallon de l'Evaluation, de la Prospective et de la Statistique (IWEPS) ( email )
Place de la Wallonie, 1 Bat II
5100 Jambes
Belgium
Abdeslam Marfouk
Free University of Brussels (VUB) ( email )
Laarbeeklaan 103
Pleinlaan 2
Brussels, Brabant 1090
Belgium
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