Economy-Wide Estimates of the Implications of Climate Change: Human Health
Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM); University of Milan - Department of Economics, Business and Statistics; Centro Euro-Mediterraneo per i Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC)
Ca Foscari University of Venice - Department of Economics; Bocconi University - IEFE Centre for Research on Energy and Environmental Economics and Policy
Richard S. J. Tol
VU University Amsterdam - Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM); Carnegie Mellon University - Center for Integrated Study of the Human Dimensions of Global Change; University of Hamburg - Centre for Marine and Climate Research (ZMK); Princeton University
FEEM Working Paper No. 97.2005
We study the economic impacts of climate-change-induced change in human health, viz. cardiovascular and respiratory disorders, diarrhoea, malaria, dengue fever and schistosomiasis. Changes in morbidity and mortality are interpreted as changes in labour productivity and demand for health care, and used to shock the GTAP-E computable general equilibrium model, calibrated for the year 2050. GDP, welfare and investment fall (rise) in regions with net negative (positive) health impacts. Prices, production, and terms of trade show a mixed pattern. Direct cost estimates, common in climate change impact studies, underestimate the true welfare losses.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 30
Keywords: Impacts of climate change, human health, computable general equilibrium
JEL Classification: C68, D58, Q25
Date posted: August 9, 2005
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