Your Money or Your Life: Changing Job Quality in OECD Countries
Paris School of Economics (PSE); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
British Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 377-400, September 2005
Job quality may usefully be thought of as depending on both job values (how much workers care about different job outcomes) and the job outcomes themselves. Here, both cross-section and panel data are used to examine changes in job quality in OECD countries during the 1990s. Despite rising wages and falling hours of work, overall job satisfaction is either stable or declining. These movements are neither due to changes in the type of workers nor because of changes in their job values. Some pieces of evidence point to stress and hard work as being strong candidates for what has gone wrong with employees' jobs. We find evidence of increasing inequality in a number of job outcomes. Some groups of workers have done better than others: the young and the highly educated have been insulated against downward movements in job quality, and there is tentative evidence that trade unions may have protected their members against adverse job outcomes.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 24Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: September 20, 2005
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