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State Actors as First Amendment Speakers

David Fagundes

Southwestern Law School

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 100, 2006

Can the First Amendment serve as a source of protection for the speech of state actors? This issue - which courts have often considered but never satisfactorily resolved - arises where one sovereign attempts to limit the speech of another, or where a state actor seeks to take advantage of a statute or common-law rule designed to safeguard constitutional speech interests. I first examine this issue in light of constitutional text, history, and theory, concluding that none of these sources on its own can provide a complete solution. I thus suggest a hybrid approach that draws from two strains of extant constitutional theory, arguing that government speech can lay claim to constitutional protection only where the expressive conduct at issue is intrinsic to the public function of the entity speaking and where that conduct furthers the values of democratic self-government that animate the First Amendment.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 67

Keywords: Constitutional law, First Amendment, Government Speech, Legal status

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Date posted: October 3, 2005  

Suggested Citation

Fagundes, David, State Actors as First Amendment Speakers. Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 100, 2006. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=811022

Contact Information

David Fagundes (Contact Author)
Southwestern Law School ( email )
3050 Wilshire Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90010
United States
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