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The Structure of Lobbying and Protection in U.S. Agriculture


Kishore Gawande


Texas A&M University - George Bush School of Government and Public Service

September 2005

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3722

Abstract:     
This paper surveys the empirical literature on the political economy of agricultural protection. A detailed data set of agricultural PAC (Political Action Committee) contributions over five U.S. congressional election cycles over the 1991-2000 period is used to investigate the relationship between lobbying spending and agricultural protection. A detailed graphical analysis of campaign contributions by the agricultural PACs indicates that although there are very many PACs, in most sectors the majority of contributions are made by very few PACs. Econometric analysis reveals that lobbying spending by agricultural PACs is positively associated with the use of nontariff barriers and specific tariffs by the US; there is a strong association between the average US tariff on goods that benefit from US export subsidies and lobbying spending; and no association between agricultural protection and trade measures such as import penetration and the export-to-output ratio.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 59

Keywords: Lobbying, PACs, Political Economy, Agricultural Protection

JEL Classification: F13, Q18, D72

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Date posted: October 17, 2005  

Suggested Citation

Gawande, Kishore, The Structure of Lobbying and Protection in U.S. Agriculture (September 2005). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3722. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=821445

Contact Information

Kishore Gawande (Contact Author)
Texas A&M University (TAMU) - George Bush School of Government and Public Service ( email )
College Station, TX 77843
United States
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