Creating a Policy Environment for Entrepreneurs
Thomas A. Garrett
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis - Research Division
Howard J. Wall
Lindenwood University - Institute for Study of Economics and the Environment
FRB of St. Louis Working Paper No. 2005-064B
This paper demonstrates that levels of entrepreneurship can be greatly affected by the general policy environment. Using a state-level panel, we estimate the effects of several policy variables on rates of entrepreneurship and find that bankruptcy exemptions, corporate tax rates, and the level of the minimum wage all affect a state's rate of entrepreneurship. For the median state, these policies reduced the level of entrepreneurship by 10.5 percent. Much of the geographic pattern of entrepreneurship can be explained by policy differences: The low-entrepreneurship states of the Great Lakes and the South tend to have relatively unfriendly policy environments, and the high-entrepreneurship states of the West tend to have relatively friendly policies. On the other hand, although New England states tend to have relatively unfriendly policy environments, they also tend to have high rates of entrepreneurship.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 34
Keywords: entrepreneurship, government policy
JEL Classification: J23, R12working papers series
Date posted: November 8, 2005
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