Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=842224
 
 

References (20)



 
 

Citations (12)



 


 



Peer Effects in Academic Cheating


Scott E. Carrell


University of California, Davis - Department of Economics

James E. West


Baylor University

Frederick V. Malmstrom


U.S. Air Force Academy

November 3, 2005


Abstract:     
Using self-reported academic honor violations from the classes of 1959 through 2002 at the three major U.S. military service academies (Air Force, Army, and Navy), we measure how peer honesty influences individual cheating behavior. All else equal, we find higher levels of peer cheating result in a substantially increased probability that an individual will cheat. We identify through separate estimation procedures an exogenous (contextual or pre-treatment) peer effect and an endogenous (during treatment) peer effect. Results for the (first-order) exogenous peer effect indicate that one additional high school cheater creates 0.33 to 0.48 new college cheaters. Results for the (first-order) endogenous peer effect indicate that one additional college cheater creates 0.55 to 0.80 new college cheaters. These results imply, in equilibrium, the social multiplier for academic cheating ranges between 2.20 to 4.90. We also find evidence that the peer effect should be thought of as an evolving social norm of toleration versus congestion in enforcement of honor codes.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 37

Keywords: Peer Effects, Cheating, Honor Codes

JEL Classification: Z13, D71, C42

working papers series


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Date posted: November 11, 2005  

Suggested Citation

Carrell, Scott E. and West, James E. and Malmstrom, Frederick V., Peer Effects in Academic Cheating (November 3, 2005). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=842224 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.842224

Contact Information

Scott E. Carrell (Contact Author)
University of California, Davis - Department of Economics ( email )
One Shields Drive
Davis, CA 95616-8578
United States
James E. West
Baylor University ( email )
Waco, TX 76798
United States
254-710-6126 (Phone)
Frederick V. Malmstrom
U.S. Air Force Academy ( email )
HQ USAFA/DFEG
Colorado Springs, CO 80840-6234
United States
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