Guantanamo Bay and the Annihilation of the Exception
Fleur E. Johns
University of New South Wales, Faculty of Law; Faculty of Law, University of NSW
European Journal of International Law, Vol. 16, No. 4, 2005
Sydney Law School Research Paper No. 06/17
This article takes issue with prevailing characterizations of Guantanamo Bay as an instance of international law and US law's breakdown or withdrawal: a surmounting of the rule by the exception. Contentions along these lines circulating in international legal literature and, in a divergent sense, in the work of Italian philosopher Giorgio Agamben, are examined in a critical light. Against these accounts, this article argues that Guantanamo Bay is, to a hyperbolic degree, a work of legal representation and classification: an instance of the norm struggling to overtake the exception. Moreover, this article argues, strategies of detention, interrogation and control being utilized at Guantanamo Bay are being sustained in part through domestication, evisceration and avoidance of experiences of deciding on the exception. In short, this article maintains, experiences of the exception appear to be in retreat at Guantanamo Bay, rather than in ascendancy. The author develops this argument by reference to public records and official characterizations of decision-making at Guantanamo Bay. By way of a critical response, the author then presents a heterodox reading of Carl Schmitt's theorization of the exception, whereby the experience of exceptional decisionism is read away from Schmitt's preoccupation with the state. It is to such a renewed, diffuse sense of the exception within law, rather than to a vehement insistence upon the norm, that this article suggests turning in raising doubts about the ongoing work of the US Government at Guantanamo Bay.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 25
Keywords: Guantanamo Bay, international law, legal theory, Carl Schmitt, Giorgio Agamben
JEL Classification: K33, K40
Date posted: November 14, 2005
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