CAPM Over the Long Run: 1926-2001
University of California, Davis - Graduate School of Management
Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
NBER Working Paper No. w11903
A conditional one-factor model can account for the spread in the average returns of portfolios sorted by book-to-market ratios over the long run from 1926-2001. In contrast, earlier studies document strong evidence of a book-to-market effect using OLS regressions in the post-1963 sample. However, the betas of portfolios sorted by book-to-market ratios vary over time and in the presence of time-varying factor loadings, OLS inference produces inconsistent estimates of conditional alphas and betas. We show that under a conditional CAPM with time-varying betas, predictable market risk premia, and stochastic systematic volatility, there is little evidence that the conditional alpha for a book-to-market trading strategy is statistically different from zero.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 54
Date posted: January 24, 2006
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