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Female Socialization: How Daughters Affect Their Legislator Fathers' Voting on Women's Issues

Ebonya L. Washington

Yale University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

January 2006

NBER Working Paper No. w11924

Economists have long concerned themselves with environmental influences, such as neighborhood, peers and family on individuals' beliefs and behaviors. However, the impact of children on parents' behavior has been little studied. Parenting daughters, psychologists have shown, increases feminist sympathies. I test the hypothesis that children, much like neighbors or peers, can influence adult behavior. I demonstrate that the propensity to vote liberally on reproductive rights is significantly increasing in a congress person's proportion of daughters. The result demonstrates not only the relevance of child to parent behavioral influence, but also the importance of personal ideology in a legislator's voting decisions as it is not explained away by voter preferences.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 34

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Date posted: April 11, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Washington, Ebonya L., Female Socialization: How Daughters Affect Their Legislator Fathers' Voting on Women's Issues (January 2006). NBER Working Paper No. w11924. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=876027

Contact Information

Ebonya L. Washington (Contact Author)
Yale University - Department of Economics ( email )
28 Hillhouse Ave
New Haven, CT 06520-8264
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.yale.edu/polisci/people/ewashington.html
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
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