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http://ssrn.com/abstract=890289
 
 

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Youth Unemployment and Crime in France


Denis Fougere


National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - National School for Statistical and Economic Administration (ENSAE); National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Francis Kramarz


National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Julien Pouget


National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE); National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

March 2006

IZA Discussion Paper No. 2009

Abstract:     
In this paper we examine the influence of unemployment on property crimes and on violent crimes in France for the period 1990 to 2000. This analysis is the first extensive study for this country. We construct a regional-level data set (for the 95 departements of metropolitan France) with measures of crimes as reported to the Ministry of Interior. To assess social conditions prevailing in the departement in that year, we construct measures of the unemployment rate as well as other social, economic and demographic variables using multiple waves of the French Labor Survey. We estimate a classic Becker type model in which unemployment is a measure of how potential criminals fare in the legitimate job market. First, our estimates show that in the cross-section dimension, crime and unemployment are positively associated. Second, we find that increases in youth unemployment induce increases in crime. Using the predicted industrial structure to instrument unemployment, we show that this effect is causal for burglaries, thefts, and drug offences. To combat crime, it appears thus that all strategies designed to combat youth unemployment should be examined.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 42

Keywords: crime, youth unemployment

JEL Classification: J19, K42, J64, J65

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Date posted: March 13, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Fougere, Denis and Kramarz, Francis and Pouget, Julien, Youth Unemployment and Crime in France (March 2006). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2009. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=890289

Contact Information

Denis Fougere (Contact Author)
National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - National School for Statistical and Economic Administration (ENSAE) ( email )
15, Boulevard Adolphie PINARD
92245 Malakoff Cedex
France
+33 1 4117 7713 (Phone)
+33 1 4117 7634 (Fax)
National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS)
75013 Paris, 94204
France
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Francis Kramarz
National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST) ( email )
15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri
92245 Malakoff Cedex
France
+33 1 4117 6033 (Phone)
+33 1 4117 6046 (Fax)
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
Julien Pouget
National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) ( email )
18, Boulevard Adolphe-Pinard
75675 Paris Cedex 14
France
National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS)
75013 Paris, 94204
France
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
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