The Effect of State Antitakeover Laws on the Firm's Bondholders
Bill B. Francis
University of South Florida - College of Business Administration
Fordham University - Gabelli School of Business; Bank of Finland
New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance
Fordham University Schools of Business
January 1, 2009
Journal of Financial Economics (JFE), Forthcoming
We examine how state antitakeover laws affect bondholders and the cost of debt, and report four findings. First, bonds issued by firms incorporated in takeover friendly states have significantly higher at-issue yield spreads than bonds issued by firms in states with restrictive antitakeover laws. Second, firms in takeover friendly states have significantly higher leverage than their counterparts in restrictive law states. Third, bond issues are associated with negative average stock price reactions among firms in takeover friendly states, but positive stock price reactions among firms in restrictive law states. And fourth, existing bond values increase, on average, upon the introduction of Business Combination antitakeover law. These results indicate that state antitakeover laws tend to decrease bond yields and increase bond values – the opposite of their effect on equity values. This, in turn, implies that state laws help mitigate the agency cost of debt by shielding bondholders from expropriation in takeovers. Overall, the empirical evidence suggests that the effect of antitakeover provisions on firm value must take into account the impacts of both bondholders and stockholders.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 58
Keywords: State antitakeover laws, cost of debt capital, agency cost
JEL Classification: G32, G34
Date posted: March 23, 2006 ; Last revised: March 16, 2010
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