Welfare, Home Market Effects, and Horizontal Foreign Direct Investment
Catholic University of Louvain (UCL) - Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE); Université de Bourgogne - LATEC
Pierre M. Picard
Centre de Recherche en Économie Appliquée (CREA); Universite du Luxembourg
CORE Discussion Paper No. 2005/65
We investigate the spatial distribution and organization of an imperfectly competitive industry when firms may choose to operate more than a single production unit. Focusing on a short-run setting with a fixed mass of firms, we fully characterize the spatial equilibria analytically. Comparing the equilibrium and the first-best, we show that both organizational and spatial inefficiencies may arise. In particular, when fixed costs are low enough the market outcome may well lead to overinvestment and, therefore, to too many multinationals operating from a social point of view. Furthermore, once multinationals are taken into account, the market outcome may well lead too little agglomeration.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 34
Keywords: international trade, imperfect competition, horizontal foreign direct investment, economic geography
JEL Classification: F12, F23, R12
Date posted: June 30, 2006
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