References (20)



Health, Hopelessness, and Social Norms

Larry Willmore

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

June 2004

Following the break up of the Soviet Union, Russia experienced a rise in mortality unprecedented in the peacetime history of industrial nations. In just three years, from 1991 to 1994, life expectancy at birth fell six years for males (to 57.6) and three years for females (to 71.2). An important part of the ill health and high mortality of the Russian people can be attributed to feelings of hopelessness during the transition to a market economy, but an even larger part is a result of social norms that result in high consumption of alcohol and cigarettes, diets high in fat and low in fruits and vegetables, and lack of exercise.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 10

Keywords: Russia, mortality, health

JEL Classification: I12, J11, P39

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Date posted: April 14, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Willmore, Larry, Health, Hopelessness, and Social Norms (June 2004). Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=895688 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.895688

Contact Information

Larry Willmore (Contact Author)
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis ( email )
Schlossplatz 1
Laxenburg, A-2361
+43 2236 807 374 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://larrywillmore.net
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