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Distributional Effects of Oil Price Changes on Household Expenditures: Evidence from Mali


Kangni Kpodar


International Monetary Fund (IMF)

March 2006

IMF Working Paper No. 06/91

Abstract:     
Using an input-output approach, this paper assesses the distributional effects of a rise in various petroleum product prices in Mali. The results show that, although rising gasoline and diesel prices affect mainly nonpoor households, rising kerosene prices are most harmful to the poor. Overall, the impact of fuel prices on household budgets displays a U-shaped relationship with expenditure per capita. Regardless of the oil product considered, high-income households would benefit disproportionately from oil price subsidies. This suggests that a petroleum price subsidy is an ineffective mechanism for protecting the income of poor households compared with a targeted subsidy.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 33

Keywords: Oil, subsidies, input-output analysis, household welfare

JEL Classification: H2, D57, R2

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Date posted: May 17, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Kpodar, Kangni, Distributional Effects of Oil Price Changes on Household Expenditures: Evidence from Mali (March 2006). IMF Working Paper, Vol. , pp. 1-33, 2006. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=901882

Contact Information

Kangni Kpodar (Contact Author)
International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )
700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States
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