The Merchant-Bank Struggle for Control of Payment Systems
Adam J. Levitin
Georgetown University Law Center
Journal of Financial Transformation, Vol. 17, pp. 73-84, 2006
Merchants and banks are currently engaged in a wide-ranging struggle for control over payment systems. The conflict is playing itself out in business practices, in banking regulation, in corporate governance, in corporate restructuring, in securities offerings, and in the biggest antitrust litigation since AT&T. Yet, it is possible that the extraordinary energy being spent in this fight is for naught, as the growth of national bank brands, technological developments, and innovative business models are likely to result in a radical reshaping of the payments world. This article reviews the factors behind the struggle between merchants and banks and the strategies adopted by each, and questions what impact changes in the payment card industry's structure and the emergence of new payments technologies and business models will have on the merchant-bank contest.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 12
Keywords: interchange, credit card, debit card, payment systems, antitrust, Visa, MasterCard, IPO, PayPal, merchant, bank, network, no-surcharge rule, honor all cards, Wal-Mart, Industrial Loan Corporations, ILC, PLCC, Private Label, Co-Brand
JEL Classification: E44, G20, G21, G34, K21, K22, K23, L1, L4
Date posted: May 25, 2006
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