Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=905445
 
 

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Cultural Barriers and Mental Borders: Multicultural Experience Facilitates Creative Thinking and Problem Solving


William W. Maddux


Northwestern University

Adam D. Galinsky


Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management


IACM 2006 Meetings Paper

Abstract:     
The current research investigated the hypothesis that multicultural experience facilitates creativity and problem solving. Study 1 was a problem-solving task where the correct solution required recognizing alternative, atypical uses for an object (the Duncker candle problem). Study 2 involved a dyadic negotiation where a creative solution was necessary to bridge a negative financial bargaining zone. In both studies, people who had experience living in foreign countries were more likely than those without such experience to find a creative solution to these problems. Study 3 experimentally manipulated a multicultural mindset and demonstrated that priming individuals to think about a multicultural learning experience enhanced performance on a creative association task. We discuss implications for the effect of multicultural experience on creative cognition and conflict management.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 28

Keywords: Creativity, multicultural experience, cognition, problem solving, negotiations

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Date posted: June 1, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Maddux, William W. and Galinsky, Adam D., Cultural Barriers and Mental Borders: Multicultural Experience Facilitates Creative Thinking and Problem Solving. IACM 2006 Meetings Paper. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=905445 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.905445

Contact Information

William W. Maddux (Contact Author)
Northwestern University ( email )
2001 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
Adam D. Galinsky
Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management ( email )
2001 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States
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