The Changing Structure of International Trade Linked to Global Production Systems: What are the Policy Implications?
The New School - Department of Economics
ILO Working Paper No. 33
The paper discusses the extent of the structural change and its causes and implications for policy and theory. According to the paper, structural change is due to the rise of trade in intermediate goods. It emphasizes theories to be more focused on the competitive struggle of absolute advantage and externalization. This entails industrial, competition, and labour market policies at national levels aimed at producing profit and wage growth, which is needed for long-term economic growth through the building of skills, knowledge-based assets, infrastructure, and demand. Referring to past success cases, the paper argues that for industrial upgrading, countries cannot solely rely on inward foreign direct investment and a balance is needed between firm market power and profits and competitive pressure, which promotes knowledge-asset creation. Policy implications include promoting R&D, skill development in production and management, and very specific competition policy.
This paper was written as an insight into the work of the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization 2004 that aims to provide a fairer globalization for all.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 63
Keywords: international trade, structure, change, global production systems, policy
JEL Classification: F10, E61working papers series
Date posted: January 3, 2007
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