HIV/AIDS: The Impact on Poverty and Inequality
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Research Department
IMF Working Paper No. 06/126
Using available data on the distribution of HIV/AIDS prevalence across population groups for four sub-Saharan African countries and transposing this information to household income and expenditure surveys, we simulate the impact of HIV/AIDS on poverty and inequality. We find that the epidemic lowers average income and increases poverty, and that the jump in poverty is larger than expected from the fall in average income. This disproportionate increase in poverty reflects the large share of the population living on the threshold of poverty and the higher HIV prevalence rates in those segments of the population.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 24
Keywords: Income distribution, poverty, growth, income per capita, health, HIV/AIDS, social security, Ghana, Kenya, Swaziland, Zambia, sub-Saharan Africa
JEL Classification: H55, I18, I32, I38, J11, O15, O55working papers series
Date posted: June 21, 2006
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo5 in 0.469 seconds