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Does Monitoring Improve Labor Standards?: Lessons from Nike


Richard M. Locke


Brown University; Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Political Science

Fei Qin


Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

Alberto Brause


Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

July 2006

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4612-06

Abstract:     
Using a unique data set based on factory audits of working conditions in over 800 of Nike's suppliers in 51 countries, this paper seeks to explore whether or not monitoring for compliance with corporate codes of conduct - currently the principal way both global corporations and labor rights non-governmental organizations (NGOs) address poor working conditions in global supply chain factories - actually lead to remediation in terms of improved working conditions and enforced labor rights. The evidence presented suggests that notwithstanding the significant efforts and investments by Nike and its staff to improve working conditions among its suppliers, monitoring alone appears to produce only limited results. Instead, our research indicates that when monitoring efforts are combined with other interventions focused on tackling some of the root causes of poor working conditions - by improving the ability of suppliers to better schedule their work and improve their quality and efficiency - working conditions appear to significantly improve. This suggests that the current (highly polarized) debates over monitoring and labor standards need to be recast and new, more systemic approaches towards tackling these problems need to be pursued.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 49

Keywords: labor standards, monitoring, globalization

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Date posted: July 14, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Locke, Richard M. and Qin, Fei and Brause, Alberto, Does Monitoring Improve Labor Standards?: Lessons from Nike (July 2006). MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4612-06. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=916771 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.916771

Contact Information

Richard M. Locke (Contact Author)
Brown University ( email )
111 Thayer Street
Box 1970
Providence, RI 02912-1970
United States
(401) 863-3596 (Phone)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Political Science ( email )
77 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02139
United States
Fei Qin
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management ( email )
77 Massachusetts Ave.
E62-416
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States
Alberto Brause
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management ( email )
77 Massachusetts Ave.
E62-416
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States
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