The Impact of Homework on Student Achievement
Southern Methodist University (SMU) - Department of Economics
Daniel J. Henderson
University of Alabama; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Xiamen University - Wang Yanan Institute for Studies in Economics (WISE)
Utilizing parametric and nonparametric techniques, we asses the role of a heretofore relatively unexplored 'input' in the educational process, homework, on academic achievement. Our results indicate that homework is an important determinant of student test scores. Relative to more standard spending related measures, extra homework has a larger and more significant impact on test scores. However, the effects are not uniform across different subpopulations; we find additional homework to be most effective for high and low achievers. Moreover, the parametric estimates of the educational production function overstate the impact of schooling related inputs. In all estimates, the homework coefficient from the parametric model maps to the upper deciles of the nonparametric coefficient distribution and as a by-product the parametric model understates the percentage of students with negative responses to additional homework.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 35
Keywords: Generalized Kernel Estimation, Nonparametric, School Inputs, Stochastic Dominance, Student Achievement
JEL Classification: C14, I21, I28
Date posted: July 19, 2006
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