Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=917493
 
 

References (37)



 
 

Citations (9)



 


 



Early Childhood Development Through an Integrated Program: Evidence from the Philippines


Graeme Armecin


University of San Carlos

Jere Behrman


University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics

Paulita Duazo


University of San Carlos

Sharon Ghuman


affiliation not provided to SSRN

Socorro Gultiano


University of San Carlos

Elizabeth King


World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Nannette Lee


University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

May 1, 2006

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3922

Abstract:     
More attention and resources have been devoted in recent years to early childhood development (ECD) in low- and middle-income countries. Rigorous studies on the effectiveness of ECD-related programs for improving children's development in various dimensions in the developing world are scant. The authors evaluate an important ECD initiative of the Philippine government using longitudinal data collected over three years on a cohort of 6,693 children age 0-4 years at baseline in two "treatment" regions and a "control" region that did not receive the intervention. The initiative includes a wide range of health, nutrition, early education, and social services programs. The authors estimate its impact by using "intent-to-treat" difference-in-difference propensity score matching estimators to control for a variety of observed characteristics measured at the municipality, barangay, household, and child level and unobserved fixed characteristics, with differential impacts by age of children and duration of exposure to the program. There has been a significant improvement in the cognitive, social, motor, and language development, and in short-term nutritional status of children who reside in ECD program areas compared to those in non-program areas, particularly for those under age four at the end of the evaluation period. The proportions of children below age four with worms and diarrhea also have been lowered significantly in program compared to non-program areas, but there are effects in the opposite direction for older children so the overall impact on these two indicators is mixed.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 37

Keywords: Health Monitoring & Evaluation, Early Childhood Development, Youth and Governance, Primary Education, Educational Sciences

working papers series


Download This Paper

Date posted: October 17, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Armecin, Graeme and Behrman, Jere and Duazo, Paulita and Ghuman, Sharon and Gultiano, Socorro and King, Elizabeth and Lee, Nannette, Early Childhood Development Through an Integrated Program: Evidence from the Philippines (May 1, 2006). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3922. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=917493

Contact Information

Graeme Armecin
University of San Carlos
Cebu City
Philippines
Jere R. Behrman
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics ( email )
3718 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States
215-898-7704 (Phone)
215-573-2057 (Fax)
Paulita Duazo
University of San Carlos
Cebu City
Philippines
Sharon Ghuman
affiliation not provided to SSRN
No Address Available
Socorro Gultiano
University of San Carlos
Cebu City
Philippines
Elizabeth King (Contact Author)
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )
1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
Nannette Lee
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, NC 27599
United States
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 2,760
Downloads: 409
Download Rank: 39,061
References:  37
Citations:  9

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo3 in 0.359 seconds