Spatial Dependence and House Price Index Construction
Fannie Mae Foundation
Isaac F. Megbolugbe
Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) - Office of Housing Research
J. OF REAL ESTATE FINANCE AND ECONOMICS, Vol. 14 No. 1
Accurate estimation of prevailing metropolitan housing prices is important for both business and research investigations of housing and mortgage markets. This is typically done by constructing quality-adjusted house price indices from hedonic price regressions for given metropolitan areas. A major limitation of currently available indices is their insensitivity to the geographic location of dwellings within the metropolitan area. Indices are constructed based on models that do not incorporate the underlying spatial structure in housing data sets. In this paper, we argue that spatial structure, especially spatial dependence latent in housing data sets will affect the precision and accuracy of resulting price estimates. We illustrate the importance of spatial dependence in both the specification and estimation of hedonic price models. Assessments are made on the importance of spatial dependence both on parameter estimates and on the accuracy of resulting indices.
JEL Classification: R39Accepted Paper Series
Date posted: February 28, 1997
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