The Limits of Self-Governance in the Presence of Spite: Experimental Evidence from Urban and Rural Russia
University of Nottingham; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute for Economic Research)
University of Nottingham - School of Economics
IZA Discussion Paper No. 2236
We report evidence from public goods experiments with and without punishment which we conducted in Russia with 566 urban and rural participants of young and mature age cohorts. Russia is interesting for studying voluntary cooperation because of its long history of collectivism, and a huge urban-rural gap. In contrast to previous experiments we find no cooperation-enhancing effect of punishment. An important reason is that there is substantial spiteful punishment of high contributors in all four subject pools. Thus, spite undermines the scope for self-governance in the sense of high levels of voluntary cooperation that are sustained by sanctioning free riders only.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 33
Keywords: social norms, free riding, punishment, spite, experiments
JEL Classification: H41, C91, D23, C72working papers series
Date posted: August 10, 2006
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