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http://ssrn.com/abstract=928821
 
 

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The Distribution of Total Work in the EU and US


Michael C. Burda


Humboldt University of Berlin - Faculty of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Daniel S. Hamermesh


University of Texas at Austin - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Philippe Weil


Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

August 2006

IZA Discussion Paper No. 2270

Abstract:     
Using two time-diary data sets each for Germany, Italy the Netherlands and the U.S. from 1985-2003, we demonstrate that Americans work more than Europeans: 1) in the market; 2) in total (market and home production) - there is no one-for-one tradeoff across countries in total work; 3) at unusual times of the day and on weekends. In addition, gender differences in total work within a given country are significantly smaller than variation across countries and time. We conclude that some of the transatlantic differences could reflect inferior equilibria that are generated by social norms and externalities. While an important outlet for total work, home production by females appears very sensitive to tax rates in the G-7 countries. We adapt the theory of home production to account for fixed costs of market work and adduce evidence that they, in contrast to other relative costs, vary significantly across countries.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 84

Keywords: time use, gender inequality, household production, hours of work

JEL Classification: J22, E24, D13

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Date posted: September 8, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Burda, Michael C. and Hamermesh, Daniel S. and Weil, Philippe, The Distribution of Total Work in the EU and US (August 2006). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2270. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=928821

Contact Information

Michael C. Burda (Contact Author)
Humboldt University of Berlin - Faculty of Economics ( email )
Spandauer Strasse 1
D-10178 Berlin
Germany
+49 30 2093 5638/50 (Phone)
+49 30 2093 5696 (Fax)
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)
Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany
HOME PAGE: http://www.cesifo.de
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Daniel S. Hamermesh
University of Texas at Austin - Department of Economics ( email )
Austin, TX 78712
United States
512-475-8526 (Phone)
512-471-3510 (Fax)
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
Philippe Weil
Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES) ( email )
Ave. Franklin D Roosevelt, 50 - C.P. 114
Brussels, B-1050
Belgium
+32 2 650 4220 (Phone)
+32 2 650 4475 (Fax)
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
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