Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=928883
 
 

Citations (10)



 
 

Footnotes (232)



 


 



Hedonic Damages, Hedonic Adaptation, and Disability


Samuel R. Bagenstos


University of Michigan Law School

Margo Schlanger


University of Michigan Law School

April 2007

Vanderbilt Law Review, Forthcoming
Washington University School of Law Working Paper No. 06-09-01

Abstract:     
This article contributes to the broad debate over adaptive preferences in law, economics, and political philosophy by addressing an important ongoing controversy in tort law. Hedonic damages compensate for the lost enjoyment of life that results from a tortious injury. Lawyers seeking hedonic damages in personal injury cases emphasize their clients' new status as compromised and damaged persons, and courts frequently uphold jury verdicts awarding hedonic damages to individuals who experienced disabling injuries based on a view that disability necessarily limits one's enjoyment of life. This view is consonant with a general societal understanding of disability as a tragedy and of people with disabilities as natural objects of pity. But a rich psychological literature demonstrates that disability does not inherently limit enjoyment of life to the degree that these courts suggest. Rather, people who experience disabling injuries tend to adapt to their disabilities. To be sure, the views of people with disabilities about their own quality of life are classic adaptive preferences. Accordingly, one might suggest that the legal system should disregard those views. But we argue that the legal system goes wrong by so devaluing the experience of people with disabilities. When courts award damages based on the (nondisabled person's) view that disability is tragic, they distract attention from the societal choices and stigmas that attach disadvantage to disability; they also make it harder for people with disabilities to make hedonic adjustments to their conditions. For deterrence and compensation reasons, people who experience disabling injuries should be able to recover for their physical pain; for medical expenses and the cost of assistive technology and personal assistance; for the opportunities society denies people with their conditions; and for the effects of social stigma. But they should not recover for any purported effect of disability on the enjoyment of life.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 53

Keywords: hedonic damages, disability, adaptive preferences

JEL Classification: K14, K42

working papers series


Download This Paper

Date posted: September 8, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Bagenstos, Samuel R. and Schlanger, Margo, Hedonic Damages, Hedonic Adaptation, and Disability (April 2007). Vanderbilt Law Review, Forthcoming; Washington University School of Law Working Paper No. 06-09-01. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=928883 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.928883

Contact Information

Samuel R. Bagenstos (Contact Author)
University of Michigan Law School ( email )
625 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215
United States
HOME PAGE: http://web.law.umich.edu/_FacultyBioPage/facultybiopagenew.asp?ID=411

Margo Schlanger
University of Michigan Law School ( email )
625 South State Street
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215
United States
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 2,892
Downloads: 397
Download Rank: 39,107
Citations:  10
Footnotes:  232

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo5 in 0.438 seconds