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http://ssrn.com/abstract=935173
 
 

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Education and Hiv/Aids Prevention: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Western Kenya


Esther Duflo


Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics; Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD)

Pascaline Dupas


Dartmouth College - Department of Economics

Michael Kremer


Harvard University - Department of Economics; Brookings Institution; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Center for Global Development

Samuel Sinei


Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

October 1, 2006

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4024

Abstract:     
The authors report results from a randomized evaluation comparing three school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in Kenya: (1) training teachers in the Kenyan Government's HIV/AIDS-education curriculum; (2) encouraging students to debate the role of condoms and to write essays on how to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS; and (3) reducing the cost of education. Their primary measure of the effectiveness of these interventions is teenage childbearing, which is associated with unprotected sex. The authors also collected measures of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS. After two years, girls in schools where teachers had been trained were more likely to be married in the event of a pregnancy. The program had little other impact on students' knowledge, attitudes, and behavior, or on the incidence of teen childbearing. The condom debates and essays increased practical knowledge and self-reported use of condoms without increasing self-reported sexual activity. Reducing the cost of education by paying for school uniforms reduced dropout rates, teen marriage, and childbearing.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 33

Keywords: Tertiary Education, Primary Education, Education For All, Population Policies, Teaching and Learning

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Date posted: November 10, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Duflo, Esther and Dupas, Pascaline and Kremer, Michael and Sinei, Samuel, Education and Hiv/Aids Prevention: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Western Kenya (October 1, 2006). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4024. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=935173

Contact Information

Esther Duflo (Contact Author)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics ( email )
50 Memorial Drive
Room E52-252G
Cambridge, MA 02142
United States
617-258-7013 (Phone)
617-253-6915 (Fax)
Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL) ( email )
Cambridge, MA
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.povertyactionlab.org/
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD) ( email )
Duke University
Durham, NC 90097
United States
Pascaline Dupas
Dartmouth College - Department of Economics ( email )
Hanover, NH 03755
United States
Michael Kremer
Harvard University - Department of Economics ( email )
Littauer Center
Rm. 207
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Brookings Institution
1775 Massachusetts Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20036-2188
United States
National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Center for Global Development
2055 L St. NW
5th floor
Washington, DC 20036
United States
Samuel Sinei
Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
P.O. Box 62000
Nairobi
Kenya
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