Education and Hiv/Aids Prevention: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Western Kenya
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics; Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD)
Dartmouth College - Department of Economics
Michael R. Kremer
Harvard University - Department of Economics; Brookings Institution; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Center for Global Development
Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
October 1, 2006
World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4024
The authors report results from a randomized evaluation comparing three school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in Kenya: (1) training teachers in the Kenyan Government's HIV/AIDS-education curriculum; (2) encouraging students to debate the role of condoms and to write essays on how to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS; and (3) reducing the cost of education. Their primary measure of the effectiveness of these interventions is teenage childbearing, which is associated with unprotected sex. The authors also collected measures of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS. After two years, girls in schools where teachers had been trained were more likely to be married in the event of a pregnancy. The program had little other impact on students' knowledge, attitudes, and behavior, or on the incidence of teen childbearing. The condom debates and essays increased practical knowledge and self-reported use of condoms without increasing self-reported sexual activity. Reducing the cost of education by paying for school uniforms reduced dropout rates, teen marriage, and childbearing.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 33
Keywords: Tertiary Education, Primary Education, Education For All, Population Policies, Teaching and Learning
Date posted: November 10, 2006
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