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http://ssrn.com/abstract=937013
 
 

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Addressing the 'Risk Environment' for Injection Drug Users: The Mysterious Case of the Missing Cop


Scott Burris


Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law

Martin Donoghoe


World Health Organization

Kim Blankenship


Yale University - School of Medicine

Susan Sherman


Johns Hopkins University - Bloomberg School of Public Health

Jon S. Vernick


Johns Hopkins University - Bloomberg School of Public Health

Patricia Case


Harvard Medical School

Zita Lazzarini


University of Connecticut Health Center

Steve Koester


University of Colorado at Denver - Health Sciences Center


Milbank Quarterly, Vol. 82, pp. 125-156

Abstract:     
Ecological models of the determinants of health and the consequent importance of structural interventions have been widely accepted. Operationalizing these models in research and practice has been challenging. Examining the role of criminal law enforcement in the "risk environment" of injection drug users (IDUs) provides an opportunity to apply structural thinking to the health problems associated with drug use. This paper reviews international evidence that laws and law enforcement practices influence IDU risk. It argues that more research is needed at four levels - laws; management of law enforcement agencies; knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices of front-line officers; and attitudes and experiences of IDUs - and that such research can be the basis of interventions within law enforcement to enhance IDU health.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 35

Keywords: Injection Drug Use, Structural Interventions, Social Determinants of Health, Law Enforcement, Criminal Law

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Date posted: October 20, 2006 ; Last revised: January 27, 2011

Suggested Citation

Burris, Scott and Donoghoe, Martin and Blankenship, Kim and Sherman, Susan and Vernick, Jon S. and Case, Patricia and Lazzarini, Zita and Koester, Steve, Addressing the 'Risk Environment' for Injection Drug Users: The Mysterious Case of the Missing Cop. Milbank Quarterly, Vol. 82, pp. 125-156. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=937013

Contact Information

Scott C. Burris (Contact Author)
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law ( email )
1719 N. Broad Street
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States
215-204-6576 (Phone)
215-204-1185 (Fax)
HOME PAGE: http://www.temple.edu/lawschool/phrhcs/index.html
Martin Donoghoe
World Health Organization ( email )
20 Avenue Appia
Geneva 27, CH-1211
Switzerland
Kim Blankenship
Yale University - School of Medicine ( email )
Department of Psychiatry
New Haven, CT 06520-8034
United States
Susan Sherman
Johns Hopkins University - Bloomberg School of Public Health ( email )
615 N. Wolfe Street
Baltimore, MD 21205
United States
Jon S. Vernick
Johns Hopkins University - Bloomberg School of Public Health ( email )
624 N. Broadway
Baltimore, MD 21205
United States
410-955-7982 (Phone)
410-614-9055 (Fax)
Patricia Case
Harvard Medical School ( email )
250 Longwood Avenue
Boston, MA 02115
United States
Zita Lazzarini
University of Connecticut Health Center ( email )
263 Farmington Avenue
Farmington, CT 06030
United States
860-679-5495 (Phone)
860-679-5464 (Fax)
Steve Koester
University of Colorado at Denver - Health Sciences Center ( email )
4200 E. Ninth Avenue
Denver, CO 80262
United States
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References:  28
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