The Role of Social Norms in Child Labor and Schooling in India
Rubiana M. Chamarbagwala
Indiana University Bloomington - Department of Economics
Georgia State University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
October 17, 2006
CAEPR Working Paper No. 2006-016
This paper aims to summarize the unexplained propensity of children to engage in work, school, or neither. After controlling for a wide range of determinants of child labor, schooling, and idleness, we estimate a hierarchical model that allows for heteroskedastic, spatially correlated random effects. We use the posterior distribution of ranks of random effects to capture social norms toward children's activities in each district and thus identify those Indian districts where social attitudes favor education and oppose child labor and idleness. We propose that government intervention be targeted at districts with pro-schooling, anti-child-labor, and anti-idleness social attitudes if limited government resources necessitate implementing minimal cost policies that have the greatest potential to succeed.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 35
Keywords: Child Labor, Education, Spatial Dependence, Social Norms, India
JEL Classification: I20, J24
Date posted: October 18, 2006
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