Abstract

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The Role of Social Norms in Child Labor and Schooling in India


Rubiana M. Chamarbagwala


Indiana University Bloomington - Department of Economics

Rusty Tchernis


Georgia State University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

October 17, 2006

CAEPR Working Paper No. 2006-016

Abstract:     
This paper aims to summarize the unexplained propensity of children to engage in work, school, or neither. After controlling for a wide range of determinants of child labor, schooling, and idleness, we estimate a hierarchical model that allows for heteroskedastic, spatially correlated random effects. We use the posterior distribution of ranks of random effects to capture social norms toward children's activities in each district and thus identify those Indian districts where social attitudes favor education and oppose child labor and idleness. We propose that government intervention be targeted at districts with pro-schooling, anti-child-labor, and anti-idleness social attitudes if limited government resources necessitate implementing minimal cost policies that have the greatest potential to succeed.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 35

Keywords: Child Labor, Education, Spatial Dependence, Social Norms, India

JEL Classification: I20, J24

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Date posted: October 18, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Chamarbagwala, Rubiana M. and Tchernis, Rusty, The Role of Social Norms in Child Labor and Schooling in India (October 17, 2006). CAEPR Working Paper No. 2006-016. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=938091 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.938091

Contact Information

Rubiana M. Chamarbagwala (Contact Author)
Indiana University Bloomington - Department of Economics ( email )
Bloomington, IN 47405-6620
United States

Rusty Tchernis
Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )
P.O. Box 3992
Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www2.gsu.edu/~ecort

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) ( email )
P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany
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