Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=938847
 
 

References (78)



 
 

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The Norm of Reciprocity: Scale Development and Validation in the Chinese Context


Joshua B. Wu


University of Miami - School of Business Administration

Peter W. Hom


Arizona State University (ASU) - W.P. Carey School of Business

Lois Tetrick


George Mason University

Lynn M. Shore


San Diego State University - College of Business Administration

Liangding Jia


Nanjing University - School of Business

Chao Ping Li


Renmin University of China

Lynda Jiwen Song


Renmin University of China - Department of Organization and Human Resource Management


Management and Organization Review, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 377-402, November 2006

Abstract:     
To add greater theoretical precision to a fundamental construct in social exchange theory namely, Gouldner's norm of reciprocity, this study developed a measure of Sahlins' generalized, balanced, and negative reciprocity types and validated its psychometric quality in China. For a comprehensive construct validation of the new scale, we carried out three studies. After generating a pool of items, we used a panel of experts to classify items according to conceptual definitions of the three reciprocity types. Using factor analysis, the first study revealed a factor structure consistent with Sahlins' reciprocity typology. In the second study, confirmatory factor analysis replicated this factor structure as well as demonstrated that the reciprocity factors are distinct from each other and other social-exchange constructs. In line with extant theories, the third study corroborated a nomological network relating reciprocity types to external constructs. Given this broad array of evidence for its construct validity, future researchers can employ this validated scale to investigate various forms of social exchange in Chinese work settings.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 26

Accepted Paper Series





Date posted: October 20, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Wu, Joshua B. and Hom, Peter W. and Tetrick, Lois and Shore, Lynn M. and Jia, Liangding and Li, Chao Ping and Song, Lynda Jiwen, The Norm of Reciprocity: Scale Development and Validation in the Chinese Context. Management and Organization Review, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 377-402, November 2006. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=938847 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-8784.2006.00047.x

Contact Information

Joshua B. Wu (Contact Author)
University of Miami - School of Business Administration ( email )
P.O. Box 248126
Department of Management
Coral Gables, FL 33124
United States
Peter W. Hom
Arizona State University (ASU) - W.P. Carey School of Business ( email )
Tempe, AZ 85287-3706
United States
Lois Tetrick
George Mason University ( email )
4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030-4444
United States
Lynn M. Shore
San Diego State University - College of Business Administration ( email )
5500 Campanile Drive
San Diego, CA 92182-8230
United States
Liangding Jia
Nanjing University - School of Business ( email )
22 Hankou Road
Nanjing, Jiangsu 210093 210093
China
Chao Ping Li
Renmin University of China ( email )
Room B906
Xianjin Building
Beijing, Beijing 100872
China
Lynda Jiwen Song
Renmin University of China - Department of Organization and Human Resource Management ( email )
Business School
Beijing
China
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