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The Magnitude and Distribution of Fuel Subsidies: Evidence from Bolivia, Ghana, Jordan, Mali, and Sri Lanka


David P. Coady


International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Moataz El Said


International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Fiscal Affairs Department

Robert Gillingham


International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Kangni Kpodar


International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Paulo A. Medas


International Monetary Fund (IMF)

David Locke Newhouse


World Bank

November 2006

IMF Working Paper No. 06/247

Abstract:     
With the recent jump in world oil prices, the issue of petroleum product pricing has become increasingly important in developing countries. Reflecting a reluctance of many governments to pass these price increases onto energy users, energy price subsidies are absorbing an increasing share of scarce public resources. This paper identifies the issues that need to be discussed when analyzing the fiscal and social costs of fuel subsidies. Using examples from analyses recently undertaken for five countries, it also identifies the magnitude of consumer subsidies and their fiscal implications. The results of the analysis show that - in all of these countries - energy subsidies have significant social and fiscal costs and are badly targeted.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 39

Keywords: Energy prices, subsidies, welfare distribution, household survey data

JEL Classification: C40, C67, D31, H20, I38

working papers series


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Date posted: November 13, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Coady, David P. and El Said, Moataz and Gillingham, Robert and Kpodar, Kangni and Medas, Paulo A. and Newhouse, David Locke, The Magnitude and Distribution of Fuel Subsidies: Evidence from Bolivia, Ghana, Jordan, Mali, and Sri Lanka (November 2006). IMF Working Paper No. 06/247. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=944085

Contact Information

David P. Coady
International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )
700 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States
Moataz El Said
International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Fiscal Affairs Department ( email )
700 19th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States
Robert Gillingham
International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )
700 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States
Kangni Kpodar (Contact Author)
International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )
700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States
Paulo A. Medas
International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )
700 19th Street NW
Washington, DC 20431
United States
David Locke Newhouse
World Bank ( email )
1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States
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