Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=944874
 
 

References (29)



 
 

Citations (1)



 


 



Computing Crime: Information Technology, Police Effectiveness and the Organization of Policing


Luis Garicano


University of Chicago - Booth School of Business - Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Paul S. Heaton


University of Chicago - Department of Economics

September 2006

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5837

Abstract:     
How does information technology (IT) affect the organization of police work? How does it in turn affect police crime-fighting effectiveness? To answer these questions, we construct a new panel data set of police departments covering 1987-2003. We find that while IT adoption had substantial effects on a wide range of police organizational practices, it had, by itself, a negligible impact on crime-fighting effectiveness. These results are robust to various methods for controlling for agency-level characteristics and the endogeneity of IT use. We then suggest and test two explanations for this puzzle. First, we demonstrate that use of a particular technology, computerized record-keeping, increased recorded crime rates. Second, we provide evidence that IT investments only had a substantial impact on crime clearance rates and crime rates when undertaken as part of a broad set of complementary organizational practices such as those in the Compstat program.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 45

Keywords: Information technology, organization, hierarchy, skills, police

JEL Classification: K42, L23, M5, O33

working papers series





Date posted: November 14, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Garicano, Luis and Heaton, Paul S., Computing Crime: Information Technology, Police Effectiveness and the Organization of Policing (September 2006). CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5837. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=944874

Contact Information

Luis Garicano (Contact Author)
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business - Economics ( email )
Graduate School of Business
1101 East 58th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-834-2862 (Phone)
773-702-0458 (Fax)
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)
77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom
Paul S. Heaton
University of Chicago - Department of Economics ( email )
1126 East 59th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
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