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http://ssrn.com/abstract=946107
 
 

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The Impact of Nutrition during Early Childhood on Education among Guatemalan Adults


John A. Maluccio


Middlebury College - Department of Economics

John Hoddinott


International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Jere Behrman


University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics

Reynaldo Martorell


Emory University

Agnes R. Quisumbing


International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Aryeh D. Stein


Emory University

August 2006

PIER Working Paper No. 06-026

Abstract:     
Early childhood nutrition is thought to have important effects on education, broadly defined to include various forms of learning. We advance beyond previous literature on the effect of early childhood nutrition on education in developing countries by using unique longitudinal data begun during a nutritional experiment during early childhood with educational outcomes measured in adulthood. Estimating an intent-to-treat model capturing the effect of exposure to the intervention from birth to 36 months, our results indicate significantly positive, and fairly substantial, effects of the randomized nutrition intervention a quarter century after it ended: increased grade attainment by women (1.2 grades) via increased likelihood of completing primary school and some secondary school; speedier grade progression by women; a one-quarter SD increase in a test of reading comprehension with positive effects found for both women and men; and a one-quarter SD increase on nonverbal cognitive tests scores. There is little evidence of heterogeneous impacts with the exception being that exposure to the intervention had a larger effect on grade attainment and reading comprehension scores for females in wealthier households. The findings are robust to an array of alternative estimators of the standard errors and controls for sample attrition.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 52

Keywords: education, schooling, Guatemala, nutrition, economic development, Latin America

JEL Classification: I2, O1

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Date posted: November 21, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Maluccio, John A. and Hoddinott, John and Behrman, Jere and Martorell, Reynaldo and Quisumbing, Agnes R. and Stein, Aryeh D., The Impact of Nutrition during Early Childhood on Education among Guatemalan Adults (August 2006). PIER Working Paper No. 06-026. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=946107 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.946107

Contact Information

John A. Maluccio (Contact Author)
Middlebury College - Department of Economics ( email )
Munroe Hall
Middlebury, VT 05753
United States
802-443-5941 (Phone)
John Hoddinott
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )
2033 K Street NW
Washington, DC 20006-1002
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.ifpri.org/srstaff/HoddinottJ.htm

Jere R. Behrman
University of Pennsylvania - Department of Economics ( email )
3718 Locust Walk
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States
215-898-7704 (Phone)
215-573-2057 (Fax)
Reynaldo Martorell
Emory University ( email )
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States
Agnes R. Quisumbing
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )
2033 K Street, NW
Washington, DC 20006
United States

Aryeh D. Stein
Emory University ( email )
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States
404-727-4255 (Phone)
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