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An Empirical Analysis of Life Tenure: A Response to Professors Calabresi & Lindgren


David R. Stras


Minnesota Supreme Court

Ryan W. Scott


Indiana University Maurer School of Law


Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, 2007
Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-63

Abstract:     
Opposition to life tenure has been steadily mounting in the legal academy and Professors Steve Calabresi and Jim Lindgren are among those leading the charge. Crucial to their argument that life tenure is fundamentally flawed is an empirical claim that the increases in average tenure among Supreme Court Justices are both dramatic and unprecedented.

In this article, the authors respond to Calabresi and Lindgren by showing that their hypothesis of dramatic and unprecedented growth in average tenure has two fundamental flaws. First, it suffers from a period-selection problem. Rendering the data using longer or shorter periods blunts or eliminates the dramatic and unprecedented trend. Second, it suffers from a date-of-observation problem. Treating each Justice's tenure as an observation at date of swearing-in (or at the midpoint of a Justice's career), rather than at date of departure, eliminates the trend altogether. Instead, the authors show that, using an S-curve regression model, the most supportable hypothesis is that, despite short-term fluctuations, average tenure has been growing slowly and steadily over the long term, and we can expect more slow and steady growth in the future.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 41

Keywords: Supreme Court, life tenure, Justices

JEL Classification: K1, K10, K30, K40

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Date posted: November 21, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Stras, David R. and Scott, Ryan W., An Empirical Analysis of Life Tenure: A Response to Professors Calabresi & Lindgren. Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, 2007; Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-63. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=946167

Contact Information

David R. Stras (Contact Author)
Minnesota Supreme Court ( email )
25 Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd
St. Paul, MN 55155
United States
Ryan W. Scott
Indiana University Maurer School of Law ( email )
211 S. Indiana Avenue
Bloomington, IN 47405
United States
(812) 856-5941 (Phone)
HOME PAGE: http://info.law.indiana.edu/sb/page/normal/1555.html
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