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http://ssrn.com/abstract=948293
 
 

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International Decision: Spector v. Norwegian Cruise Line Ltd.


Duncan B. Hollis


Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law


American Journal of International Law, Vol. 99, p. 881, 2005

Abstract:     
In Spector v. Norwegian Cruise Line Ltd., the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §12181 et seq., applies to foreign-flag cruise ships in U.S. waters, but does not require the removal of physical barriers if it would conflict with international legal obligations or compromise shipboard safety. In accommodating international law, the Court's decision effectively tracks the Charming Betsy canon—i.e., "an act of Congress ought never to be construed to violate the law of nations if any other possible construction remains." But, the Court's failure to agree on a corresponding accommodation for international comity in cases where U.S. law would otherwise regulate a foreign ship's "internal affairs" brings further confusion to the question of which U.S. laws apply to such vessels, and, more generally, suggests further erosion of the primacy of flag state jurisdiction.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 7

Keywords: international law, comity, charming betsy, flag state, jurisdiction, extraterritoriality

JEL Classification: K10, K19, K23, K33

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Date posted: December 1, 2006  

Suggested Citation

Hollis, Duncan B., International Decision: Spector v. Norwegian Cruise Line Ltd.. American Journal of International Law, Vol. 99, p. 881, 2005. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=948293

Contact Information

Duncan B. Hollis (Contact Author)
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law ( email )
1719 N. Broad Street
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States
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