Asymmetry of Knowledge Spillovers between Mncs and Host Country Firms
November 16, 2006
We use patent citation data to examine knowledge flows between foreign MNCs and host country organizations in 30 countries. We find not just significant knowledge inflows from foreign MNCs to host country organizations, but also significant outflows back from the host country to foreign MNCs. In fact, in technologically advanced countries, knowledge outflows to foreign MNCs greatly outweigh knowledge inflows. Even in technologically less advanced countries, knowledge outflows are only slightly weaker than inflows. Additional analysis shows that the exact pattern varies across sectors within a country, depending on the country's expertise in individual sectors. Finally, knowledge inflows and outflows appear to track personnel flows between foreign MNCs and host country organizations.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 49
Keywords: Technology Diffusion, Knowledge Spillovers, Multinational Firms, R&D, Personnel Mobility, Networks
JEL Classification: F2, L2, M2, O3working papers series
Date posted: December 27, 2006
© 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
This page was processed by apollo8 in 0.594 seconds