Five Dimensions of Effective Leadership: A Meta-Analysis of Leadership Attributes & Behaviors
B. Tim Lowder
Saint Leo University
March 21, 2007
This paper performs a meta-analysis of research on leadership excellence and develops a construct for positive leadership development within an organization. First, the analysis presents two perspectives of positive leadership attributes and behaviors. Second, the open systems and actors operative paradigm is presented within the framework of the paper's analysis of leadership. In addition, the analysis demonstrates why the rational and open systems perspective is an effective tool for the analysis of leadership. Third, a dichotomous framework involving vice and virtue attributes are developed for understanding both positive and negative dark leadership. Fourth, the meta-analysis presents five dimensions of leadership attributes and behaviors. Fifth, a leadership evaluation construct is created that consists of positive leadership attributes and behaviors. Lastly, a methodology is presented for implementing the leadership construct developed in this paper within an organization.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 29
Keywords: Leadership, meta-analysis, construct, leader, behavior, attributes, dark leadership, negative leadership, positive leadership, open systems, general systems, theory, human resources, personnel, management, organization, organizational, dimensions, framework, actors approach, methodology
Date posted: April 28, 2009 ; Last revised: June 7, 2009
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