Taxes, Institutions and Foreign Diversification Opportunities
Mihir A. Desai
Harvard Business School - Finance Unit; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
University of Chicago Law School
November 16, 2008
2nd Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Investors can access foreign diversification opportunities through either foreign portfolio investment (FPI) or foreign direct investment (FDI). The worldwide tax regime employed by the U.S. potentially distorts this choice by penalizing FDI, relative to FPI, in low-tax countries. On the other hand, weak investor protections in foreign countries may increase the value of control, creating an incentive to use FDI rather than FPI. By combining data on US outbound FPI and FDI, this paper analyzes whether the composition of US outbound capital flows reflects these incentives to bypass home and host country institutional regimes. The results suggest that the residual tax on US multinational firms' foreign earnings skews the composition of outbound capital flows - a 10% decrease in a foreign country's corporate tax rate increases US investors' equity FPI holdings by approximately 10%, controlling for effects on FDI. Investor protections also seem to shape portfolio choices, though these results are not robust when only within-country variation is employed.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 35
Keywords: Foreign Portfolio Investment, Foreign Direct Investment, Taxes, Investor Protections
JEL Classification: F21, F23, G31, H25
Date posted: May 16, 2007 ; Last revised: January 15, 2009
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