Youth Gangs as Pseudo-Governments: Implications for Violent Crime
Russell S. Sobel
The Citadel - School of Business
Brian J. Osoba
University of Texas at El Paso
November 15, 2006
We hypothesize the failure of government to protect the rights of individuals from violence committed by youths has led to the formation of youth gangs as protective agencies. Our theory predicts an opposite direction of causality between gang activity and violent crime than is widely accepted. While areas with more gang activity also have more violence, our theory suggests gangs form as protection agencies precisely in areas with high violent crime rates. While gangs, like governments, use violence to enforce rules, the net impact of gangs is to lower violent crime. We test this hypothesis and offer significant policy implications.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 27
Keywords: gangs, violence, government failure, youth, violent crime
JEL Classification: D74, H11, K42
Date posted: May 16, 2007
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