Abstract

http://ssrn.com/abstract=987086
 
 

Footnotes (119)



 


 



'The Benefits and Evils of Competition': James Coolidge Carter's Supreme Court Advocacy


Lewis A. Grossman


American University - Washington College of Law

May 16, 2007

American University, WCL Research Paper No. 08-06

Abstract:     
James Coolidge Carter (1828-1905) was perhaps the most respected appellate advocate in the country at the end of the nineteenth century. He argued approximately three dozen matters before the Supreme Court, including some of the most significant cases of the Gilded Age. This essay, prepared for a forthcoming festschrift in honor of Morton Horwitz to be published by Harvard University Press, focuses on Carter's advocacy in three Supreme Court cases: U.S. v. Trans-Missouri Freight Association (1897) and U.S. v. Joint Traffic Association (1898), a pair of important early interpretations of the Sherman Antitrust Act, and Smyth v. Ames (1898), the decision that established substantive due process limits on legislative rate-setting. As a lawyer for the railroads in these matters, Carter voiced seemingly inconsistent views regarding the beneficence of the free market. One the one hand, his arguments in the antitrust cases were premised on the assertion that rate wars destructive to railroads inevitably arose in the absence of regulation. On the other hand, in Smyth, he maintained that a freely competitive system invariably resulted in railroad rates that were fair to shippers. While Carter obviously shaped his arguments to serve the particular needs of his clients, this tension also reflected an authentic ambivalence about the benefits of competition shared by many elite Gilded Age thinkers. Carter's briefs were representative of a political economy that emphasized both classical free market principles and the limits on those principles necessitated by late-nineteenth-century developments.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 41

Keywords: James Coolidge Carter, Trans-Missouri, Joint Traffic, Smyth v. Ames, Sherman Act, Antitrust, Substantive Due Process

working papers series





Download This Paper

Date posted: May 18, 2007 ; Last revised: January 27, 2008

Suggested Citation

Grossman, Lewis A., 'The Benefits and Evils of Competition': James Coolidge Carter's Supreme Court Advocacy (May 16, 2007). American University, WCL Research Paper No. 08-06. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=987086 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.987086

Contact Information

Lewis A. Grossman (Contact Author)
American University - Washington College of Law ( email )
4801 Massachusetts Avenue N.W.
Washington, DC 20016
United States
Feedback to SSRN


Paper statistics
Abstract Views: 1,317
Downloads: 159
Download Rank: 112,097
Footnotes:  119

© 2014 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc. All Rights Reserved.  FAQ   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy   Copyright   Contact Us
This page was processed by apollo4 in 0.422 seconds