Preferences for Juries Over Judges Across Racial and Ethnic Groups
Mary R. Rose
University of Texas at Austin - Department of Sociology
Christopher G. Ellison
University of Texas at Austin
Shari Seidman Diamond
Northwestern University, School of Law & American Bar Foundation
July 2, 2007
2nd Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper
Prior studies have shown a general preference among citizens for juries over judges. Researchers, however, have not considered whether race and ethnicity modify this preference. We hypothesized that minorities (African-Americans, Hispanics), who generally express less trust in the legal system, may also express less trust in juries than non-Hispanic whites. We asked a representative sample of 1,465 residents of Texas to state whether they would prefer a jury or a judge to be the decision maker in four hypothetical circumstances. Consistent with expectations, non-Hispanic whites favored juries over judges, particularly if they imagined themselves as a defendant in a criminal trial. By comparison, although African-Americans and some Hispanics generally favored juries, they showed a much weaker set of jury preferences. African Americans had markedly lower support for the civil jury, but support was higher among minorities with prior jury service. Among Hispanics, respondents who took the survey in Spanish typically preferred a judge to make legal decisions. We consider the implications of our findings for trust in the jury system and trust in community members as decision makers.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 36
Keywords: Juries, Judges, Attitudes, Race/Ethnicity
JEL Classification: K41, K13, K14
Date posted: July 4, 2007
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