The views expressed in the Legal Information & Technology eJournal are those of the contributing authors and do not imply the endorsement of the sponsor, advisory board, or editors.

The Legal Information & Technology eJournal is sponsored by the Academic Law Libraries Special Interest Section (ALL-SIS). The purpose of the Section is to provide a forum for the exchange of ideas and information on academic law libraries and to represent its members' interests and concerns within the American Association of Law Libraries. The eJournal is also sponsored by the Mid-America Association of Law Libraries (MAALL), an official chapter of the American Association of Law Libraries. MAALL includes members from academic, court, and law firm libraries in Arkansas, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, and South Dakota.

Table of Contents

Is Confidentiality Really Forever -- Even If the Client Dies or Ceases to Exist?

Anne Klinefelter, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - School of Law
Marc C. Laredo, Laredo & Smith, LLP

Accessing Law: An Empirical Study Exploring the Influence of Legal Research Medium

Stefan H. Krieger, Hofstra University - Maurice A. Deane School of Law
Katrina Fischer Kuh, Hofstra University - School of Law

Local Ordinances: The Often Overlooked Laws

Shawn G. Nevers, Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School

The 4-1-1 on Lawyer Directories

Mary Whisner, University of Washington - School of Law

Placemaking in the Academic Law Library

Lee F. Peoples, Oklahoma City University School of Law

Sponsored by the Academic Law Libraries Special Interest Section of the American Association
of Law Libraries and the Mid-America Association of Law Libraries

"Is Confidentiality Really Forever -- Even If the Client Dies or Ceases to Exist?" Free Download
Litigation, Vol. 40, No. 3, pp. 47-51, Spring 2014

ANNE KLINEFELTER, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - School of Law
MARC C. LAREDO, Laredo & Smith, LLP

The law firm of Lizzie Borden’s lead attorney continues to maintain her client files in a confidential manner. In contrast, the trove of notes kept by another attorney on the defense team were discovered by his grandson, who willed the client materials to the local Massachusetts historical society, making them generally accessible some 100 years after the murder trial.

Which is the right result? Does client confidentiality live forever? What if the client is an entity rather than an individual? Should there be some point in time -- 50 or 100 years -- when this right to confidentiality expires? Who will enforce the privilege once all the participants are dead? These questions have important implications for attorneys, law firms, and corporate entities. But they are also questions of importance to librarians whose libraries might be given papers that were protected by the attorney-client privilege, represented work product, or were the subject of an attorney’s ethical obligation to protect the confidentiality of client matters.

This short essay raises these questions and considers the legal, policy, and practical issues involved. Several approaches are outlined and briefly evaluated.

"Accessing Law: An Empirical Study Exploring the Influence of Legal Research Medium" Free Download
Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law, Vol. 16, No. 4
Hofstra Univ. Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-15

STEFAN H. KRIEGER, Hofstra University - Maurice A. Deane School of Law
KATRINA FISCHER KUH, Hofstra University - School of Law

The legal profession is presently engaged in an uncontrolled experiment. Attorneys now locate and access legal authorities primarily through electronic means. Although this shift to an electronic research medium radically changes how attorneys discover and encounter law, little empirical work investigates impacts from the shift to an electronic medium.

This Article presents the results of one of the most robust empirical studies conducted to date comparing research processes using print and electronic sources. While the study presented in this Article was modest in scope, the extent and type of the differences that it reveals are notable. Some of the observed differences between print and electronic research processes confirm predictions offered, but never before confirmed, about how the research medium changes the research process. This Article strongly supports calls for the legal profession and legal academy to be more attentive to the implications of the shift to electronic research.

"Local Ordinances: The Often Overlooked Laws" Free Download
Student Lawyer, Vol. 42, No. 6, pp. 17-18, February 2014

SHAWN G. NEVERS, Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School

Local government law takes a back seat to federal and state law in legal education, but it's an area that law students should be familiar with and know how to research. This legal research column, written for Student Lawyer magazine, introduces students to local government law and how to research local ordinances.

"The 4-1-1 on Lawyer Directories" Free Download
Law Library Journal, Vol. 106, No. 2, pp. 257-66 (2014)
University of Washington School of Law Research Paper

MARY WHISNER, University of Washington - School of Law

How can opposing counsel, a potential client, or a job-seeker find contact information for and biographical information about a lawyer? Generations turned to the massive bound volumes of Martindale-Hubbell. But technology and a changing marketplace now present many alternative sources, including law firms' websites, bar association directories, and online versions of Martindale-Hubbell.

To compare some of the online directories, I undertook a small study, drawing a sample from the Washington State Bar Association's directory and looking for information about those lawyers in,,, and The depth and breadth of coverage varies dramatically. The sample, although small, offers an interesting snapshot of the bar in terms of practice area, state of residence, and nature of practice. This small study may suggest to others further, more rigorous projects.

The PDF here, in addition to the published paper, includes spreadsheets with notes from my searchers, for those curious enough to want to skim them.

"Placemaking in the Academic Law Library" Free Download
Legal Reference Services Quarterly, Vol. 33, pages 157-190, 2014

LEE F. PEOPLES, Oklahoma City University School of Law

In recent years a number of factors have coalesced to shape the future of print collections held by academic law libraries. These factors include: declining acquisitions budgets, rapidly rising print subscription costs, duplication of print materials in online databases, student and faculty preferences for electronic resources, collaborative print retention projects, changes to the American Bar Association's Annual Questionnaire and Standards, calls to produce practice-ready graduates, and the repurposing of library space for other law school functions.

Many law libraries are now storing large portions of their print collections off-site, in compact shelving, or simply discarding them. Removing redundant print materials from library collections creates opportunities for innovative uses of library space. This article will explore the benefits of applying placemaking concepts in the academic law library. Placemaking has been described as the art and science of crafting spaces in ways that transcend their physical attributes and contribute to the well-being of the occupants. This article will examine how placemaking concepts can be used to integrate print and non-print resources, to showcase subject specific collections, to encourage serendipity and collaborative learning, to build community and connect students to a law school’s values and traditions, and achieve other goals.


About this eJournal

Sponsored by: the Academic Law Libraries Special Interest Section of the American Association of Law Libraries and the Mid-America Association of Law Libraries.

This eJournal distributes working and accepted paper abstracts in all areas of legal information scholarship. Topics include (but are not limited to): 1) the impact of legal information on domestic, comparative, and international legal systems; 2) the treatment of legal information authorities and precedents (e.g., citation studies); 3) the examination of rules, practices, and commentary limiting or expanding applications of legal information (e.g., citation to unpublished opinions and to foreign law); 4) the study of economic, legal, political and social conditions limiting or extending access to legal information (e.g., trends in the legal publishing industry, intellectual property regimes, and open access initiatives); 5) the finding and use of legal information by academics to produce legal scholarship, by law students to learn the law, by attorneys in practice, and by judges and others decisionmakers to determine legal outcomes; 6) the history of legal information systems and technological advancements; 7) legal information system design and assessment; and 8) the relationship of substantive areas of law (such as information law, intellectual freedom, intellectual property, and national security law) and other academic disciplines (e.g., information science) to legal information. This includes the scholarship of law librarians, other legal scholars, and other academic disciplines.

The eJournal also includes working papers, forthcoming articles, recently published articles, and selected documents (such as White Papers, briefings, reports, course materials) on the practice of law librarianship. Submissions are welcome in all areas of law librarianship including: 1) administration, management, and leadership; 2) facility design and construction; 3) evaluating and marketing law library services; 4) all aspects of public, technical, and technology services; 5) collection development, including sample collection development policies and procedures; 6) electronic resource management and development including licensing, digitization, and institutional repositories; 7) research and reference services; and 8) legal research instruction teaching methods and substantial or innovative course materials.


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Advisory Board

Legal Information & Technology eJournal

Associate Dean/ Director of the Law Library, University of South Carolina School of Law, Associate Dean for the Law Library & Associate Professor of Law, University of South Carolina - Coleman Karesh Law Library

Professor, University of Texas School of Law

Associate Director and Head of Technical Services, William A. Wise Law Library, University of Colorado Law School

Library Director & Associate Professor of Law, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law - Leon E. Bloch Law Library

Associate Dean for Information Services, Professor of Law, Professor of Information Resources and Library Science, and Editor, Legal Reference Services Quarterly, University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law, Cracchiolo Law Library

Rufty Research Professor of Law & Senior Associate Dean for Information Services, Duke University School of Law

Assistant Professor of Law and Director of Library Services, Emory University School of Law - Hugh F. MacMillan Law Library

University of Washington - School of Law, Professor of Law and Associate Dean for Library and Computing Services, University of Washington School of Law - Gallagher Law Library

International & Foreign Law Librarian, University of California School of Law Library - Boalt Hall Law Library

Director, Academic Advising, Senior Law Lecturer, University of Washington School of Law

Professor of Law and Director, University of Nebraska College of Law, Schmid Law Library

Associate Dean for Finance & Administration; Professor of Law, University of New Mexico School of Law

Associate Law Librarian for International and Foreign Law, Georgetown University Law Library

Library Director and Associate Professor, Brooklyn Law School, Editor, Law Library Journal, American Association of Law Libraries