ENVIRONMENTAL LAW & POLICY eJOURNAL
"Study on the Implementation of the Provisions of the Sustainable Use Directive on Integrated Pest Management: Experience of Eleven Member States of the European Union"
GOR MOVSES, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID)
MARIE-ANTOINETTE MICHELI, Independent
On the 21st of October 2009, the European Parliament and the Council adopted the SU Directive establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides.
Next to progressive practices in food production, according to estimates from 2011, Europe is now the greatest pesticide consumer in the world followed by Asia. Germany is the largest producer and second largest consumer of pesticides in Europe. France is the greatest pesticide consumer followed by Germany. Other major pesticide consumers in Europe include Italy, Spain and the UK.
We bring to your attention a study which attempts to track the progress and identify the challenges of the selected EU Member States towards the implementation of the provisions of the SU Directive on Integrated Pest Management (a tool which is able to balance economic, environmental and health concerns where food is produced). In overall, the analysis reveals an embracing, but not satisfactory spectrum of actions taken by the EU Member States to establish conditions for the implementation of IPM.
While recognizing the achievements of the EU Member States, the unpredictable fluctuations in pesticide consumption levels, the perception of IPM as economically infeasible instrument in the absence of empirically tested evidence proving so, inconsistency among the states in defining the quantitative objectives of the National Action Plans, lack of clearly defined criteria measuring the progress in implementing the principles of IPM, put under tremendous pressure the prospect of recording tangible achievements towards a sustainable agricultural production in the near future, independent from chemical pesticides.
Though the study gives the overview of the actual situation, it points also to the possible improvements. The experience of the emission reduction targets is seen as such.
"Advancement of Green Banking Layout and Trend in Bangladesh"
International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management, Vol. 3, No. 11, 2015
SANJOY PAL, Bangladesh Skill Development Institute, University of Dhaka - Department of Banking
A considerable issue regarding environmental changes is growth positively that depends on to reduce cutting trees and to make green our surroundings as part of economic progress through time. Industrial development truly accelerates the employment, the side effect of which is to emit carbons that demurs the outlook of nature. The premature ruin of woodland is the obstacle to greenery advancement to stay with strong health. As a low lying country, Bangladesh is the worst sufferer among the lands of South Asia. Financial sector is the only driving force to recovering from loss occurred day by day in various industries from the perspective of economic and environmental controversy. This sector finances a lot to industrial development. The root of all is nothing but banking. So, it is time to go green for which it is exigent to figure out and innovate the models, based on which the financial sector runs. The paper addresses the layout and advancement of green banking on the movement of financial institutions in Bangladesh.
About this eJournal
This eJournal distributes working and accepted paper abstracts dealing with research in the field of environmental law and policy.
To submit your research to SSRN, sign in to the SSRN User HeadQuarters, click the My Papers link on left menu and then the Start New Submission button at top of page.
If your organization is interested in increasing readership for its research by starting a Research Paper Series, or sponsoring a Subject Matter eJournal, please email: RPS@SSRN.com
Legal Scholarship Network (LSN), a division of Social Science Electronic Publishing (SSEP) and Social Science Research Network (SSRN)
ENVIRONMENTAL & NATURAL RESOURCES LAW EJOURNALS
BERNARD S. BLACK
Northwestern University - School of Law, Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management, European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)
RONALD J. GILSON
Stanford Law School, Columbia Law School, European Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)
Please contact us at the above addresses with your comments, questions or suggestions for LSN-Sub.