The SSRN developed the Anthropology & Archaeology Research Network with support from the American Anthropological Association (AAA). Founded in 1902, the AAA is the world's largest professional and scholarly society of anthropologists. AAA publishes 23 journals and a member magazine, supports professional development, and hosts several meetings and conferences each year to promote knowledge exchange and its use to solve human problems. Visit for additional information about the organization.


"Accountability for Maternal Healthcare Services in Nigeria" Free Download
International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, Volume 137, Issue 2, p. 220-226, May 2017

ONYEMA AFULUKWE-ERUCHALU, Center for Reproductive Rights

High maternal mortality ratios (MMR) serve as objective indicators of the poor condition of women’s health in any country and point to violations of human rights that are entrenched in national, regional and global laws. For over a decade, Nigeria has consistently been in the top 5 listed countries with the highest MMR in the world. It remains one of the countries with the world’s highest MMR, with 814 deaths per 100,000 live births, accounting for 19% of maternal deaths worldwide with approximately 58 000 deaths each year. Accountability for preventable maternal deaths and injuries is essential to both achieve and sustain a reduction in Nigeria’s high levels of maternal mortality. This article addresses key human rights strategies for securing accountability, and identifies opportunities for healthcare providers to play leadership roles in fulfilling legal and ethical obligations to preserve women’s lives.

"Experimentally Testing the Effectiveness of Human Rights Treaties" Free Download
U of Chicago, Public Law Working Paper No. 533

ADAM S. CHILTON, University of Chicago - Law School

International human rights law is a field concerned with causality. While scholars in other fields argue about how laws can be changed to maximize their effectiveness, scholars of international human rights law still regularly debate whether the major international agreements have had any effect on state behavior. Part of the reason that this threshold question is still contested is that there are a number of barriers to causal inference that make answering it with observational data incredibly difficult. Given these obstacles to using observational data, and the importance of the topic, scholars have begun to use experimental methods to study the effects of commitments to human rights agreements. This Essay discusses the motivations behind the limited experimental work on human rights, the mechanisms that are being tested, and the findings of this emerging literature.


About this eJournal

Supported by: American Anthropological Association (AAA)

This eJournal distributes working and accepted paper abstracts of applied and practicing anthropology studies, including studies that use anthropological theories and methods to address current problems, such as development, social justice and human rights, studies that are aimed at educating non-anthropologists and studies of anthropologists applying their knowledge in professional fields. The topics in this eJournal include: Theory & Method in Applied Anthropology; Topics of Concern in Applied Anthropology; Public & Practicing Anthropology; Negative Results - Applied & Practicing Anthropology.


To submit your research to SSRN, sign in to the SSRN User HeadQuarters, click the My Papers link on left menu and then the Start New Submission button at top of page.

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University of New Mexico - Department of Anthropology

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