ETHNIC STUDIES eJOURNAL

"African Literature as Celebration of (LGBO) Culture and Philosophy: Reading Chinua Achebe's Works and Reflecting on His Enduring Legacy" 

BENJAMIN ARAH, Department of History & Government, Bowie State University
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This paper is a close textual study and interpretive analysis of selected works by Chinua Achebe, and is designed to highlight his subtle and subversive approach to creative writing about Africa and teaching literature. Achebe, as an African nationalist and a philosopher of (LGBO) culture, took to writing African literature as a form of "restoration of celebration" based on the urgent historical "need to alter things" and confront white racism or the European false sense of cultural superiority.

"Writing Behind the Lines: Liberation and Black Radical Expression in Lloyd Brown's Iron City" 

MICAH AKUEZUE, Department of Political Science, UCLA
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This paper seeks to explore Lloyd Brown’s Iron City as a novel that explores the mechanics of the prison-industral complex, at the intersection between Marxist political thought and African American literature. Brown interrogates the relationship between sociopolitical power structures, capitalist economic systems, and state-sponsored subjection through a racist criminal justice system. The novel also serves as a seminal work in confinement literature, a tradition that reimagines the roles, purposes, and functions of prisons in society. Brown’s novel engages with these questions, while dissecting both the criminal justice system from the dual vantage point of the Black American and the radical leftist. This critique, of both the Brown’s protagonists and the novel itself, arise from the subaltern spaces, locations, and communities that developed through state systems of confinement. To begin, the paper will briefly explore the concept of the prison industrial complex and the advent of prison literature and its historical background, and its relation to the American leftist movement. Next, it discusses some of Iron City’s key descriptions of the prison and the preliminary conclusions the novel makes of the relationship between the prison and society. Brown’s depiction of the prison describes the state as an arbitrary body, creating society through the criminalization or otherwise the reification of certain acts or bodies as illegitimate. Iron City explores one of the many ways the state enforces delegitimization as a means of violent statecraft, in this case building citizenship while restricting and expunging those it deems undesirable — namely, black male bodies. With respect to the dialogue between African American literature and leftist thought, Iron City engages with the political problem of realizing emancipation out of enslavement. While an arbitrary state apparatus is able to render certain members of society as non-members, stripping them of their voice and agency, it is ultimately in the power of the disenfranchised to express and then dismantle their own oppression. From this reading of Iron City while the language and speech of liberation must come “delegitimized? spaces, by those rendered marginal or illegitimate, the radicalism behind that liberation must also be liberated. Those who begin to dismantle the yoke of oppression will often first be those who are oppressed.

"Saramago's Death with Interruptions: A Path to Reconsider Essential Dilemmas Linked to Health Law" Free Download
Oñati Socio-Legal Series, Vol. 4, No. 6, 2014

SANDRA M WIERZBA, Universidad de Buenos Aires - Faculty of Law
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English Abstract: What would happen if somewhere people would stop dying? In Saramago’s Death with interruptions, after the initial joy associated to the possibility of eternal life, anxiety and conflict invade the community. The end of death not only shakes Philosophy and Religion foundations, but it impacts on various legal institutions as well.

In this paper, we consider the notion of Justice from the Right to Health perspective. In particular, we analyse the concept of “euthanasia" and the current role of insurance from the private law viewpoint, taking into account its “constitutionalization" process. We remark the wisdom of the parable built by the author because of the simplicity, sharpness and versatility when addressing dilemmas that Law cannot fully solve.

Spanish Abstract: Qué ocurriría si en algún lugar la gente dejara de morir? En Las intermitencias de la muerte de Saramago, tras la alegría inicial por la posibilidad de la vida eterna, la ansiedad y el conflicto predominan en la comunidad. El final de la muerte no sólo sacude los cimientos de la Filosofía y Religión, pero también afecta a diversas instituciones jurídicas.

En este artículo se considera el concepto de Justicia desde la perspectiva de derecho a la salud. En particular, se analiza el concepto de “eutanasia? y el papel actual de los seguros desde el punto de vista del derecho privado, teniendo en cuenta su proceso de “constitucionalización?. Se destaca la sensatez de la parábola construida por el autor por su simplicidad, nitidez y versatilidad al abordar los dilemas que la Ley no puede resolver completamente.

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About this eJournal

This eJournal distributes working and accepted paper abstracts on the histories, literatures, and politics of Asian Americans, Chicanos/Latinos, Native American Indians, and African Americans.

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Advisory Board

Ethnic Studies eJournal

EVAN B. CARTON
Joan Negley Kelleher Centennial Professor in Rhetoric and Composition; Director, Humanities Institute, University of Texas at Austin - Department of English

ELIZABETH CULLINGFORD
Jane and Roland Blumberg Centennial Professor in English; University Distinguished Teaching Professor; Chair, University of Texas at Austin - Department of English

LEIGH GILMORE
Dorothy Cruickshank Backstrand Chair in Gender and Women's Studies, Claremont Colleges - Department of Gender and Women's Studies

JUDITH HAWLEY
Senior Lecturer, Royal Holloway, University of London

PHILIP HORNE
Professor of English, University College London - Department of English Language and Literature

DAVID WALLACE
Judith Rodin Professor of English, University of Pennsylvania - Department of English