Dismantling the 'Jungle': Migrant Relocation and Extreme Voting in France

35 Pages Posted: 6 May 2017 Last revised: 17 Dec 2020

See all articles by Paul Vertier

Paul Vertier

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Max Viskanic

Department of Economics, Sciences Po-CNRS

Matteo Gamalerio

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB)

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Date Written: December 16, 2020

Abstract

Large migrant inflows have in the past spurred anti-immigrant sentiment, but is there a way small inflows can have a different impact? In this paper, we exploit the redistribution of migrants in the aftermath of the dismantling of the ``Calais Jungle" in France to study the impact of the exposure to few migrants. Using an instrumental variables approach, we find that in the presence of a migrant center (CAO), the percentage growth rate of vote shares for the main far-right party (Front National (FN), our proxy for anti-immigrant sentiment) between 2012 and 2017 is reduced by about 11.9 percentage points. These effects, which dissipate spatially and depend on city characteristics, and crucially on the inflow's size, point towards the contact hypothesis (Allport, 1954).

Keywords: Political Economy; Voting; Migration; EU; France; Migrants

JEL Classification: C36, D72, J15, P16, R23

Suggested Citation

Vertier, Paul and Viskanic, Max and Gamalerio, Matteo, Dismantling the 'Jungle': Migrant Relocation and Extreme Voting in France (December 16, 2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2963641 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2963641

Paul Vertier (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Max Viskanic

Department of Economics, Sciences Po-CNRS ( email )

28 rue des saints peres
Paris, 75007
France

HOME PAGE: http://maxviskanic.com

Matteo Gamalerio

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) ( email )

c/ Tinent Coronel Valenzuela, 1-11
Barcelona, 08034
Spain

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