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Race & Social Inequity eJournal

Race & Social Inequity

SSRN's Race & Social Inequity eJournal highlights early-stage research related to systemic racism, racial violence, law enforcement reform, and social justice movements. It is our hope that these insights from fields of study such as anthropology, criminal justice, law, philosophy, and political science will contribute to the ongoing dialog and help to bring about lasting change.

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Viewing: 1 - 50 of 1,925 papers

1.

The Effect of President Trump's Election on Hate Crimes

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 18 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 31 Jan 2019
Working Paper Series
University of Alabama at Birmingham - Department of Marketing, Industrial Distribution & Economics and Loyola University Chicago School of Law
Downloads 20,341
2.

Whiteness as Property

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 106, No. 8, p. 1707, 1993, UCLA School of Law Research Paper No. 06-35
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 31 Aug 2006
Accepted Paper Series
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 16,804
3.

Do White Police Officers Unfairly Target Black Suspects?

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 16 Nov 2016 Last Revised: 03 Jun 2020
Working Paper Series
Crime Prevention Research Center and College of William and Mary - Department of Economics
Downloads 9,487
4.

Dirty Data, Bad Predictions: How Civil Rights Violations Impact Police Data, Predictive Policing Systems, and Justice

94 N.Y.U. L. REV. ONLINE 192 (2019)
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 05 Mar 2019 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2021
Accepted Paper Series
Northeastern University School of Law, New York University School of Law and AI Now Institute
Downloads 7,769
5.

Race, the War on Drugs, and the Collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction

Journal of Gender, Race & Justice, Vol. 6. p. 253, 2002
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 06 May 2003 Last Revised: 14 Apr 2011
Accepted Paper Series
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 6,791
6.

Racial Disparity in Federal Criminal Charging and Its Sentencing Consequences

U of Michigan Law & Econ, Empirical Legal Studies Center Paper No. 12-002
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 16 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 02 Jun 2012
Working Paper Series
University of British Columbia and University of Chicago
Downloads 6,737
7.

Black Lives Matter's Effect on Police Lethal Use-of-Force

Number of pages: 65 Posted: 12 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 13 May 2021
Working Paper Series
University of Massachusetts at Amherst - College of Social and Behavioral Sciences - Department of Economics
Downloads 6,482
8.

Beyond the Hashtags: #Ferguson, #Blacklivesmatter, and the Online Struggle for Offline Justice

Center for Media & Social Impact, American University, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 92 Posted: 15 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 19 Mar 2016
Working Paper Series
American University, New York University (NYU) and University of North Texas
Downloads 5,991
9.

Jay-Z’s 99 Problems, Verse 2: A Close Reading with Fourth Amendment Guidance for Cops and Perps

St. Louis University Law Journal, Vol. 56, No. 567, 2012
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 13 Aug 2012
Accepted Paper Series
Brown White & Osborn LLP
Downloads 5,584
10.

Extreme Protest Tactics Reduce Popular Support for Social Movements

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2911177
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 04 Feb 2017
Working Paper Series
University of Toronto - Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management, Stanford University and University of Toronto - Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Downloads 5,391
11.

Do Judges Vary in Their Treatment of Race?

Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 41, No. 2 (June 2012), pp. 347-383, U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 11-07
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 02 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2013
Accepted Paper Series
University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School, University of Chicago - Booth School of Business and Harvard University - Department of Economics
Downloads 5,170
12.

Policing a Free Society

Policing a Free Society Cambridge, Mass: Ballinger Pub. Co. (1977), Univ. of Wisconsin Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1349
Number of pages: 374 Posted: 24 Apr 2015
Accepted Paper Series
University of Wisconsin Law School
Downloads 5,163
13.

Risk, Race, & Recidivism: Predictive Bias and Disparate Impact

Number of pages: 55 Posted: 08 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2016
Working Paper Series
University of California, Berkeley and Government of the United States of America - Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts
Downloads 4,828
14.

Racial Critiques of Mass Incarceration: Beyond the New Jim Crow

NYU Law Review, April 2012, Yale Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 243
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 29 Nov 2011 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2012
Accepted Paper Series
Yale University - Law School
Downloads 4,474
15.

Administrative Records Mask Racially Biased Policing

Number of pages: 73 Posted: 15 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 18 May 2020
Working Paper Series
Princeton University, Princeton University - Department of Political Science and Princeton University
Downloads 4,163
16.

Racism, Discrimination and the Over-Representation of Indigenous People in the Criminal Justice System: Some Conceptual and Explanatory Issues

Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 17(3), 329-346 (2006)
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 25 Jul 2013
Working Paper Series
Jumbunna Institute for Indigenous Education and Research,University of Technology Sydney
Downloads 4,098
17.

Criminalizing Race: Racial Disparities in Plea Bargaining

Boston College Law Review, Vol. 59, 2018 (Forthcoming), Loyola Law School, Los Angeles Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2017-39
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 15 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 29 Sep 2017
Accepted Paper Series
Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 3,956
18.

Racial Capitalism

126 Harvard Law Review 2151 (2013), U Denver Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-30
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 24 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2017
Accepted Paper Series
University of Denver Sturm College of Law
Downloads 3,819
19.

Collective Bargaining Rights and Police Misconduct: Evidence from Florida

University of Chicago Coase-Sandor Institute for Law & Economics Research Paper No. 831, U of Chicago, Public Law Working Paper No. 655, Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization, forthcoming
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 05 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 25 Jun 2021
Working Paper Series
University of Chicago Law School, University of Chicago Law School and University of Chicago - Law School

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Downloads 3,658
20.

Racial Discrimination and African-American Quarterbacks in the National Football League, 1968-1999

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 03 Nov 2005
Working Paper Series
University of New Haven
Downloads 3,295
21.

Words that Wound: A Tort Action for Racial Insults, Epithets, and Name-Calling

Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, Vol. 17, p. 133, 1982, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 08 Feb 2012
Accepted Paper Series
University of Alabama - School of Law
Downloads 3,138
22.

Donald Trump and 'Reverse Racism'

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 03 Feb 2016
Working Paper Series
Independent
Downloads 3,125
23.

Are Emily and Greg More Employable than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination

MIT Department of Economics Working Paper No. 03-22
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 15 Jul 2003
Working Paper Series
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business and Harvard University - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Downloads 3,094
24.

The Department of Education's Obama-Era Initiative on Racial Disparities in School Discipline: Wrong For Students and Teachers, Wrong on the Law

Texas Review of Law & Politics, Forthcoming, San Diego Legal Studies Paper No. 18-321
Number of pages: 97 Posted: 19 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2018
Working Paper Series
University of San Diego School of Law and Independent
Downloads 2,925
25.

Immigration Enforcement and Subordination: The Consequences of Racial Profiling after September 11

Connecticut Law Review, Vol. 34, p. 1185, 2002
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 22 Aug 2006
Accepted Paper Series
University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 2,918
26.

An Abolitionist Horizon for (Police) Reform

California Law Review, Vol. 108, No. 6, 2020, Ohio State Legal Studies Research Paper No. 560
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 11 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 12 Jan 2021
Working Paper Series
Ohio State University (OSU) - Michael E. Moritz College of Law
Downloads 2,843
27.

Muslim Profiles Post-9/11: Is Racial Profiling an Effective Counterterrorist Measure and Does it Violate the Right to Be Free from Discrimination?

U Chicago Law & Economics, Olin Working Paper No. 288, U of Chicago, Public Law Working Paper No. 123
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 30 Mar 2006
Working Paper Series
Columbia University
Downloads 2,745
28.

White Sexual Imperialism: A Theory of Asian Feminist Jurisprudence

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice Law, Vol. 13, 2008
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 28 May 2008
Accepted Paper Series
Santa Clara University
Downloads 2,669
29.

Socializing Schools: Addressing Racial Disparities in Discipline Through Restorative Justice

Thalia González, Socializing Schools: Addressing Racial Disparities in Discipline Through Restorative Justice, in CLOSING THE SCHOOL DISCIPLINE GAP: EQUITABLE REMEDIES FOR EXCESSIVE EXCLUSION (Daniel J. Losen ed., 2014).
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 08 Feb 2016
Accepted Paper Series
Occidental College
Downloads 2,619
30.

The Internet and Racial Hate Crime: Offline Spillovers from Online Access

MIS Quarterly, Vol. 40, Issue 2, pp. 381-403, June 2016, NET Institute Working Paper No. 13-02
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 07 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 25 Oct 2016
Accepted Paper Series
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - Carlson School of Management, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business
Downloads 2,539
31.

Disaggregating the Police Function

U. Pa. L. Rev. (2020-21 Forthcoming), NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 20-03, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 20-3
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 06 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 27 Jun 2021
Accepted Paper Series
New York University School of Law
Downloads 2,472
32.

Making Inferences About Racial Disparities in Police Violence

Number of pages: 1 Posted: 06 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2019
Working Paper Series
Princeton University and Princeton University
Downloads 2,461
33.

Street Stops and Broken Windows: Terry, Race and Disorder in New York City

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 01 Feb 2001
Accepted Paper Series
Columbia Law School and Simon Fraser University (SFU) - School of Criminology
Downloads 2,441
34.

A Model for Defunding: An Evidence-Based Statute for Behavioral Health Crisis Response

Temple Law Review, Vol. 94, 2022, Elon University Law Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 03 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 23 Sep 2021
Accepted Paper Series
Elon University School of Law and Elon University
Downloads 2,198
35.

Does Unconscious Racial Bias Affect Trial Judges?

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 84, No. 3, 2009, Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 09-11
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 08 Apr 2009
Accepted Paper Series
Cornell Law School, Cornell Law School, California Central District Court and Vanderbilt University - Law School
Downloads 2,082
36.

However Kindly Intentioned: Structural Racism and Volunteer CASA Programs

20 CUNY L. Rev. 23, March 2017
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 28 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 03 Mar 2017
Accepted Paper Series
Brooklyn Law School and King County Department of Public Defense
Downloads 2,029
37.

Race and Equality: A Study of Ethnic Minorities in Hong Kong's Education System

University of Hong Kong Centre for Comparative and Public Law, Occasional Paper No. 12, 2004
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 10 May 2010
Working Paper Series
The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,994
38.

Critical Race Theory: An Introduction

New York University Press, 2011, Seattle University School of Law Research Paper No. 10-22
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 17 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 22 May 2015
Accepted Paper Series
University of Alabama - School of Law and University of Alabama - School of Law
Downloads 1,969
39.

The Central Park Five, the Scottsboro Boys, and the Myth of the Bestial Black Man

Cardozo Law Review, Vol. 25, p. 1315, 2004
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 13 Oct 2005
Accepted Paper Series
American University - Washington College of Law
Downloads 1,963
40.

Implicit Bias in Judicial Decision Making How It Affects Judgment and What Judges Can Do About It

Chapter 5: American Bar Association, Enhancing Justice (2017), Cornell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 17-16
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 20 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 05 May 2017
Working Paper Series
California Central District Court and Cornell Law School
Downloads 1,954
41.

Making Race Salient: Trayvon Martin and Implicit Bias in a Not Yet Post-Racial Society

91 N.C.L. Rev. 1555 , GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-97, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2013-97
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 29 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 05 Oct 2018
Accepted Paper Series
George Washington University Law School
Downloads 1,937
42.

A Few Bad Apples? Racial Bias in Policing

Number of pages: 107 Posted: 17 Jun 2020
Working Paper Series
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics and Dartmouth College
Downloads 1,913
43.

'All Eyez on Me': America's War on Drugs and the Prison-Industrial Complex

Journal of Gender, Race and Justice, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 05 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 10 Sep 2018
Accepted Paper Series
University of Arkansas at Little Rock - William H. Bowen School of Law
Downloads 1,860
44.

Race, Civil Rights, and Immigration Law after September 11, 2001: The Targeting of Arabs and Muslims

Number of pages: 127 Posted: 17 Jan 2003
Accepted Paper Series
Boston University School of Law and University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 1,841
45.
Downloads 1,836
46.

Organizational Culture and Police Misconduct

George Washington Law Review, Vol. 72, No. 3, 2004, UVA School of Law, Public Law Working Paper No. 03-6
Number of pages: 94 Posted: 03 Jun 2003 Last Revised: 24 Aug 2016
Accepted Paper Series
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,818
47.

Preserving Racial Identity: Population Patterns and the Application of Anti-Miscegenation Statutes to Asian Americans, 1910-1950

Berkeley Asian Law Journal, Vol. 9, p. 1, 2002
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 20 Sep 2004 Last Revised: 14 Apr 2011
Accepted Paper Series
University of California, Davis - School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 1,730
48.

A Resource Guide on Racial Profiling Data Collection Systems: Promising Practices and Lessons Learned

Northeastern University School of Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 08 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 12 Apr 2012
Accepted Paper Series
Northeastern University - School of Law, Northeastern University and Northeastern University - College of Social Sciences & Humanities
Downloads 1,692
49.

The Civil Rights Revolution Comes to Immigration Law: A New Look at the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965

North Carolina Law Review, Vol. 75, p. 273, 1996
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 18 Apr 2008
Accepted Paper Series
University of California, Davis - School of Law
Downloads 1,673
50.

The Power of the Normal

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 27 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 28 Nov 2018
Working Paper Series
Harvard Law School
Downloads 1,671