Understanding Standard of Living and Correlates in Slums: An Analysis Using Monetary versus Multidimensional Approaches in Three Indian Cities

Delhi School of Economics, Centre for Development Economics Working Paper No. 263

33 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2016 Last revised: 26 Jan 2017

See all articles by Sugata Bag

Sugata Bag

Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi

Suman Seth

University of Leeds - Economics Division; University of Oxford - Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative

Date Written: October 7, 2016

Abstract

Slum-dwellers in developing countries live under derogatory living conditions compared to the rest of the urban areas and are marginalised socially and economically. Urban policies towards improving the living conditions of the slum-dwellers require understanding the associated characteristics, which vary both within and across cities. In this paper, we use primary household survey data specifically designed and collected from three largest metro cities in India, Kolkata, Mumbai and Delhi, to study living conditions in slums as well as to explore how various characteristics are similarly or differently associated with household’s monetary vis-à-vis non-monetary living conditions across cities. To assess non-monetary living standard, we use a counting approach framework. We observe slum-dwellers in Mumbai fare much better both monetarily and non-monetarily than those in Delhi and Kolkata. We find a number of characteristics to be differently associated with monetary vis-à-vis non-monetary living standards both within and across cities. Decomposition of indicators reveals the sources of deprivation among households with different characteristics. Findings of our study should have useful policy implications.

Keywords: Living Standards in Slums, Indian Slums, Multidimensional Poverty, Counting Approach, Slum Characteristics, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai

JEL Classification: O10, I3, R2

Suggested Citation

Bag, Sugata and Seth, Suman, Understanding Standard of Living and Correlates in Slums: An Analysis Using Monetary versus Multidimensional Approaches in Three Indian Cities (October 7, 2016). Delhi School of Economics, Centre for Development Economics Working Paper No. 263, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2851668

Sugata Bag (Contact Author)

Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi ( email )

Dr. Sudhir Bose Marg
North Campus, University Enclave
Delhi, Delhi 110007
India

HOME PAGE: http://econdse.org/sugata

Suman Seth

University of Leeds - Economics Division ( email )

Leeds LS2 9JT
United Kingdom
+44(0)1133432629 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://business.leeds.ac.uk/about-us/our-people/staff-directory/profile/suman-seth/

University of Oxford - Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative

3 Mansfield Road
Queen Elizabeth House
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 3TB
United Kingdom
+44 1865 618643 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://ophi.org.uk/about/people/research-associates-and-advisors/suman-seth/

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