Spoiled for Choice? Personalized Recommendation for Healthcare Decisions: A Multi-Armed Bandit Approach
38 Pages Posted: 13 Jun 2019 Last revised: 28 Jun 2023
Date Written: September 13, 2020
Online healthcare platforms provide users with various intervention programs to promote personal wellness. Given the many options available, it’s often difficult for individuals to decide which intervention to participate in, especially when they lack the experience or knowledge to evaluate the interventions. This may discourage individuals’ continuous engagement in online health management. In this study, we are motivated to develop a personalized healthcare recommendation framework to help individuals better discover the interventions that fit their needs. Considering the challenges in intervention adaptation and diversification in a highly dynamic online healthcare environment, we propose an innovative online learning framework that synthesizes deep representation learning and a theory-guided diversity promotion scheme. We evaluate our approach through a real-world dataset on users’ intervention participation in an online weight-loss community. Our results provide strong evidence for the effectiveness of our proposed recommendation framework and each of its design components. Our study contributes to the emerging IS research on prescriptive analytics and the application of business intelligence. The proposed modeling framework and evaluation results offer important implications for multiple stakeholders, including online healthcare platforms, policymakers, and users.
Funding: No funding.
Competing interests statement: No competing interests.
Keywords: personal health management, online healthcare interventions, recommendation systems, health behavior dynamics, diversity, deep representation learning, contextual bandit
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